Month: August 2019

Study shows orangutans use their hands to make their voices deeper

first_img Citation: Study shows orangutans use their hands to make their voices deeper (2015, March 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Journal information: Journal of Experimental Biology This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (—A team of researchers with affiliations to institutions in Belgium, the U.K. and The Netherlands has found that orangutans use hand placement around their mouths to make their voices deeper, perhaps attempting to seem as if they are bigger to threats. In their paper published in The Journal of Experimental Biology, the researchers explain their study and why they believe their results might offer clues about the development of language in a species. More information: Acoustic models of orangutan hand-assisted alarm calls, The Journal of Experimental Biology, The team had faithfully recreated the biological mechanism used by the apes and showed that the technique they used could indeed by viewed as a means of modifying communication on purpose to cause a desired outcome. Using their hands to change how they sound to threats, the team suggests, is perhaps a form of a precursor to more advanced communications skills, if that is, they are not doing it by accident. Explore further Cod may serenade females with rhythmic grunts © 2015 Wild male Sumatran orangutan in the Ketambe research area, Indonesia. Credit: Adriano Lameira. Biologists studying orangutans have noticed before that the apes sometimes cup their hands around their mouths when making kissing noises. While some may have assumed the gesture was friendly, later research showed it was a means by which the apes were warning others of the presence of something threatening, such as human beings. In this new effort, the researchers tested the idea that cupping the hands around the mouth made the animal seem more impressive, perhaps, to deter those presenting threats from coming closer.To learn more, the researchers used mathematical modeling to help them create a real world physical model of the vocal parts used by an orangutan to create its kissing noises and then to model the impact of using hands to modify the sound that came out. Recording analysis was used to determine the sound processing that was taking place and the impact it had on tone. The team found that cupping of the hands served to extend or elongate the path traveled by the sound (as occurs with musical instruments) and thus caused it to come out sounding lower. They also found that their model showed it was possible to create the right overtones, a key component of sound made by larger animals. They then used sound editing equipment to remove extraneous noise from recordings of orangutans in the wild making their kissing noises and compared them to their models—doing so showed a match. last_img read more

A better way to use atomic force microscopy to image molecules in

first_img Journal information: Physical Review Letters More information: Daniel Martin-Jimenez et al. Bond-Level Imaging of the 3D Conformation of Adsorbed Organic Molecules Using Atomic Force Microscopy with Simultaneous Tunneling Feedback, Physical Review Letters (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.196101 © 2019 Science X Network It has been nearly a decade since AFM was introduced, allowing researchers to create images of single molecules and better understand how molecules are assembled. But the technique suffers from a major deficiency—it only works on nearly flat molecules. Those molecules with more complex 3-D characteristics are visualized only partially clearly. The reason is that the tip of the sensor oscillates at a fixed distance from the molecule under study. This means only the parts of the molecule closest to the sensor are clearly visualized. Logic has suggested that the way to fix this problem is to move the tip of the probe up and down along a path that mimics the topology of the molecule. But such an approach has proven to be elusive. Tracking the hills and valleys in real time and moving the tip just the right amount has, until now, been untenable.To overcome the problems inherent in tracking the contours of a molecule, the researchers turned to the scanning tunneling microscope (STM). It is also used to create images at the molecular level, but uses a different approach to do so. AFM uses forces from the surface under study to keep the sensor tip the proper distance for imaging—STM, on the other hand, uses the tunneling current that flows through the vacuum that exists between the sensor tip and the molecule under study. The researchers hit on the idea of using the tunneling current from STM to guide the tip of the AFM sensor tip—moving it up and down in lockstep with the contours of the molecule under study.The researchers report that their simple adjustment resulted in images of 3-D molecules that are as sharp for complex molecules as for those that are mostly flat. Single molecule magnet used as a scanning magnetometer A team of researchers at Justus Liebig University Giessen has found a way to dramatically improve the images of topologically complex 3-D molecules created using atomic force microscopy (AFM). In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the group describes the simple adjustment they made to the procedure that greatly improved the resolution of AFM.center_img Citation: A better way to use atomic force microscopy to image molecules in 3-D (2019, May 21) retrieved 18 August 2019 from This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further The AFM imaging of an adsorbed molecule on a substrate is usually done with the AFM tip oscillating at a constant height, where optimal imaging conditions (light blue region) are met only for the top part of the molecule. Daniel Ebeling’s group uses a constant-current mode instead, in which the AFM tip closely tracks the molecule topography, allowing a complete 3D molecular imaging. Credit: APS/Alan Stonebrakerlast_img read more

A splash of African culture

first_imgStunning acrobatic performances, a mighty African statue and creative artworks await you at the Afro Festival in Delhi. So, wave a Jambo- that is hello in swahili- and get onto this bandwagon.A breathtaking beautiful show of juggling arts, dramatic street entertainment and an exhibition of sculptures and paintings have been put together to celebrate the vibrant culture of Africa in the capital. The Afro Festival will open on 3 July with creative artworks and cultural display and go on to entertain the Delhites till 7 July. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The festival brings to life the experience of its people as a living and dynamic tradition that continues to evolve at the turn of the 21st century. To increase public understanding and appreciation of African art and culture, the festival is devoted exclusively to African way of life. This stunning exhibition integrates everyday life of the people, related objects with paintings and performances and interaction with the artists. This major festival presents exquisite examples of eclectic art and sculptures from Africa. Featuring works of Thomas Ongon’ga, Michael Soi, Edward Orato, Dennis Muragiri and James Oluoch, each creation showcases the artist’s mood, aesthetics and personal journey of creating their pieces of art. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThemes explored in this exhibit are inspired by everyday activities of people in Africa, warrior-clans and wildlife. The artists’ interpretation of their work is grounded in the belief that ‘The people of Africa have created an extraordinary cultural heritage, deeply embedded in a beautiful yet fragile physical environment’. The colors in the art work are bright and bold in shades of red, ochre-yellow and ebony black.To celebrate the fun spirit, feast upon the acrobatic experience that blends circus arts with the surreal to create a world where physical strength rubs shoulders with the dare devil acts. The Jambo acrobats are backed by foot thumping Afro Caribbean music. Two acrobats each holding on to large rings that suddenly make them airborne, with a third one reaching out for them to add drama. They toss their spinning props across the stage to one another. And just when you think this is over the top, they amaze you with a finale that is probably, for anyone else on earth, impossible to perform. Look out for choreographed entertainment as you watch jugglers performing tricks and catching tossing balls in seconds. The multimedia displays are magnificent, followed by acts of bottle balancing. The magnificent and daring act is performed effortlessly under the limbo pole- the height of a beer bottle. While Capital drowns in an African cultural fiesta, dig in for your share of fun and frolic.last_img read more

The power of She

first_imgElegance, grace and celebrating womanhood in style is what designer Nitya Bajaj’s new collection is all about. Aptly titled Resurrect, the collection is inspired by interiors of the Kloster Cathedral in Germany.The collection highlights romanticism along with baroque elements which is reflected in each garment. We loved the entire collection depicting floral in thread work, print, digital prints and a lot of lace work. Each garment – gowns and swim dresses shared hints of transparency with fabric interplay by lace, tulle, georgette, organza and chiffon. The pearl palettes merges into shades of gold and copper with olive and ochre colours taken from the church frescos. These are depicted with intricate beadwork and sequins ending the collection in the palette of maroons and crimsons. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Mother’s walking the ramp with their children was an adorable way to celebrate every aspect of womanhood.  The show stopper for the evening was actor Elli Avram who walked the ramp in a stunning outfit from the collection. She wore a beautiful red gown with sequins work in the front, depicted ethereal luxury, celebrating multicultural, multifaceted lifestyles of women today who believe in timeless pieces of art.‘Fashion is an individual statement and a designer enhances that individuality with his or her signature. My label celebrates womanhood, the femininity, the elegance and the power of being  She,’ Bajaj said.last_img read more

Rahul pushes for increasing partys base

first_imgAt the brain-storming meeting of the Election Authority of the party, Gandhi is learnt to have expressed his concern over the tardy pace of organizational polls and asked young AICC secretaries to take responsibility to ensure that it gets the needed momentum in states.Re-introducing active membership concept, common membership across all the wings of Congress and enhanching the representation ratio of SCs, STs, OBCs and minorities in Committees are some of the measures that were debated threadbare during the meeting in which Gandhi was present for one and half hour. Also Read – Need to understand why law graduate’s natural choice is not legal profession: CJIThrust was laid on opening up the membership enrolment by introducing multiple channels like web-based application and smart phone application as well as providing “incentives” for a member who enrolls at least 25 members.From the meeting, coming a day before Delhi goes to vote, it emerged that the Congress Vice President was focussing on long-term strategies.Party General Secretary in-charge Organization Janardan Dwivedi could not attend the meeting as he was down with viral fever while some other general secretaries also failed to turn up. Also Read – Health remains key challenge in India’s development: KovindThe membership drive, which was earlier set to have ended on December 31 of last year, was extended for two months is to wrap up this month-end with Gandhi not quite keen on further extending it.The Central Election Authority headed by senior leader Mullapalli Rmachandran submitted some proposals and amendments to better the organizational functioning of the party, which was considered by the apex decision making body of the party, Congress Working Committee in a meeting on January 13. The CWC decided to take inputs from the states on the proposed changes and fine-tune the proposal and if necessary, place them before AICC session likely in March-April.This time there will be open membership and the party plans to carry out rigorous scrutiny to ensure transparent selection.There have been several complaints earlier regarding bogus membership and kin of senior politicians occupying key posts in the party by ‘managing’ elections.In a statement, the party said that since it is seriously considering to introduce active membership concept, the Election Authority exhorted each Congress workers to enrol at least 25 members and maintain its record to access “incentives” to be announced by the party, for every one, who enrolls a minimum of 25 members.last_img read more

Govt to come up with Jagannath temple in Digha

first_imgKolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Thursday announced that the state government would construct a Jagannath temple near Jagannath Ghat in Digha, which has already emerged as a major tourist destination.Banerjee was speaking at the administrative review meeting in East Midnapore. The Jagannath temple would be set up in the district along the footsteps of the temple in Puri, where large numbers of devotees congregate to offer their prayers. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life”We are going to construct a temple at Jagannath Ghat in Digha, similar to Puri. The ghat would also be renovated. The Jagannath temple that we see in Puri had been constructed many years ago. We are developing a temple here keeping it in mind,” the Chief Minister said. She instructed the state Tourism department to prepare a Detailed Project Report (DPR) after discussing the matter in detail with the district administration. It may be mentioned here that after coming to power, the Mamata Banerjee government had taken up a beautification drive in the beach town and along the sea shore. Since then, the footfall of tourists in Digha and other beach towns in the district has gone up significantly. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedDuring her meeting with the administrative officials, Banerjee inquired about the latest status of the 3 marine bridges which she had proposed 3-4 years ago. The officials told her that the construction of two bridges would be started within one year, while the third one would take some time. The Chief Minister advised the Public Works Department (PWD) to start all the three projects simultaneously. She instructed the government officials to expedite the project. Banerjee announced that construction of the International Convention Centre at Digha would be completed within the next two months. She laid a great emphasis on the cleanliness of the place. She instructed the local administration to consider if the local Nuliahs (sea divers) can be inducted under the 100 days work scheme to maintain cleanliness of the beach town. “Digha has emerged to be one of the key tourist places in the state. A large number of people visit the place every day. Maintaining cleanliness must be the top priority. The Nuliahs who act as civic defense workers during any incident, can be engaged in two shifts for maintaining cleanliness,” she added. She also expressed her dissatisfaction over the overdue wages of the Nuliahs. She wanted to know from the administrative officials why they have not been getting money since September. They get a wage of Rs 300 per day and they work 25 days a month. “Those who save the lives of others risking their own, are not getting their wages. They should be brought under the Swasthya Sathi scheme. Take necessary steps to disburse their dues on immediate basis,” Banerjee told the district administration. She also stated that Tajpur port will be constructed at an estimated cost of Rs 12,000 crore, where various other ancillaries would come up, creating job opportunities. A fund of Rs 17,000 crore has already been invested for various projects in the district, while many others worth nearly Rs 8,600 crore are in the pipeline. She also inquired about the various fishery development schemes that are being run in the district. She proposed to set up a fish land bank and marketing centres where the fishermen can sell their catches. In reply to a question posed by state Transport minister Suvendu Adhikari, the Chief Minister asked the Home Secretary to expedite the investigation into the disappearance of people from Nandigram that took place during the Left Front regime. The CID has been investigating the case.last_img read more

Drug peddlers arrested with heroin worth Rs 4 lakh

first_imgKolkata: The narcotics cell of detective department has arrested two persons, including a woman, and seized heroin worth Rs 4 lakh from them at Pragati Maidan area on Friday.Officials claimed that the arrested persons had planned to sell the drug to students from various educational institutions in the city. On Monday, a woman was arrested near a renowned school on AJC Bose Road with 3 kg ganja. According to a source, sleuths of detective department recently got a tip-off that some drug dealers were targeting students of various schools and colleges. Working on the information, they identified Munni Das, who had come to AJC Bose road, to sell ganja to some students on Monday afternoon. She was arrested immediately and sleuths seized 3 kg ganja from her possession. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseAfter Das was questioned, sleuths used their sources to search for some more drug dealers who were a part of this racket. On Thursday, police got a tip-off that some drug dealers were going to meet at a place in Pragati Maidan area. Based on the information, members of the narcotics cell of the detective department kept an eye in the area. In the evening, some sleuths spotted a woman. One of them identified the woman as Sabina Bibi a known drug peddler. The other person was identified as Bapi Molla who had come to meet Bibi. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataBoth of them were arrested by the police. They were taken to the detective department office at Lalbazar. During search, sleuths found about 4,300 multi-coloured small packets of heroin. About 460 grams of heroin worth more than Rs 4 lakh was seized by the police. During interrogation, the police found that Bibi was the supplier of the drug. Molla used to get commission from her to sell the drug to students of several schools and colleges in Sealdah, Entally and Anandapur areas.last_img read more

Social media use linked to depression loneliness

first_imgExcessive use of social media including Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram is associated with poor well-being which could lead to depression and loneliness, researchers have warned. The study, published in the Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, showed that limiting screen time on these apps could boost one’s wellness. “When you are not busy getting sucked into clickbait social media, you are actually spending more time on things that are more likely to make you feel better about your life,” said Melissa Hunt from the University of Pennsylvania in the US. For the study, researchers from the varsity, included 143 undergraduate participants. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe team designed their experiment to include the three platforms most popular with the participants. They collected objective usage data automatically tracked by mobile phones for active apps, not those running in the background, and asked respondents to complete a survey to determine mood and well-being. The participants were then randomly assigned to a control group, which had users maintain their typical social-media behaviour, or an experimental group that limited time on Facebook, Snapchat, and Instagram to 10 minutes per platform per day. In addition, the participants shared mobile phone battery screenshots for the next three weeks to give the researchers weekly tallies for each individual.last_img read more

State join hands with MAKAUT to offer BSc in animation and filmmaking

first_imgKolkata: State Information Technology and Electronics (IT&E) department is joining hands with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT) to provide aBSc in animation and film making. “Makaut has given us certain terms and conditions which we will be fulfilling soon. Our target is to churn out 500 graduates a year in the field of animation, visual effects who will be job ready immediately after they graduate,” said Amit Mitra, minister of IT&E addressing a knowledge workshop on Animation, VFX and Gaming organized by Webel, a nodal agency of the state IT& E department. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe minister on Friday handed over certificates to 23 students who have successfully completed their course from Webel DQE Animation Academy. “Institutes offer training but do not guarantee jobs after that. All 23 students who were given certificates have secured jobs. We will be keeping up this trend. Next year we will be having 68 students from this academy,” Mitra said. The state IT department is coming up with a Centre of Excellence on Innovation at Salt Lake Sector V which will be dedicated to cutting edge emerging technologies. A land of 1.5 acre has been earmarked for the centre whose plan and design has already been readied. The state government will dedicate one or two floors at the proposed centre exclusively to animation . Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateTalking of the enormous growth potential in this sector, Mitra said that the government will take a realistic and sustainable approach so that Bengal can position itself in a dominant position not only in the country but also in the world. The minister welcomed similar centres of animation in the private sector in the state and said that he wants noted media services provider like Netflix and Amazon Prime to come to Kolkata to provide indigenous animated products for the future. The minister lauded the efforts of state Additional Chief Secretary IT & E Debashis Sen and his Webel team for the professionalism and high standards offered in the Webel DQE Animation Academy . “Content will be in demand in the future. We are trying to create an infrastructure and the required eco- system for creation of content as well as product development,” Sen said.last_img read more

EarlyChristian Basilica Found at the Bottom of a Lake could be Momentous

first_imgA recent archaeological discovery in Turkey promises to shed more light on reconstructing one of the most pivotal events in the history of Christianity as an organized religion ― the Council of Nicaea. Before the division of the Church in 1054, and certainly, before Martin Luther, one summit laid the foundation of Christianity and helped unify the teachings of Christ into a coherent system, capable of serving as the official religion of the Roman Empire.It was held in 325 AD, in a city which at the time was an established cultural and trade center of the ancient world ― Nicaea.Iznik (Nicea), Turkey.The Council of Nicaea was convened by the emperor Constantine, who summoned the most important bishops across the Empire to take part in a theological debate which would once and for all settle the question of the nature of the Trinity and the relationship between Jesus the Son and God the Father.During that time, there were two currents within the relatively young Christian Church, which was by that time a respected institution in the Roman Empire, gaining new followers and growing its influence every day.Section of the ancient Roman walls surrounding the historic city of Nicea (Iznik), Turkey.The debate which was to be settled referred to the teachings of Arius, a priest and scholar from Alexandria, who disagreed with the bishop Athanasius of Alexandria.The debate centered around an issue of whether or not was Jesus of the same substance as the Father ― in Greek homoousios ― or was he of a slightly different substance, which was Arius’ idea encircled by the term homoiousios.The Nicean theatre, restored by Pliny the Younger. Photo by QuartierLatin1968 -CC BY-SA 3.0No, you are not mistaken, there is only a single “I,” or iota in Greek, separating these two terms, and yes, this indeed was the reason for organizing such a large scale council including 318 delegates hailing from all four corners of the Roman Empire.From this debate, in which Arius was defeated, came the expression which remains in use to this day ― “an iota of difference” or “a jot of difference.”Smeared and defeated, Arius and his followers very soon fell into obscurity and Christ became the “true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one being (homoousios) with the Father. Through him, all things were made.” It is from this Council that the Nicene Creed was formed, creating the basis for Christianity’s Trinity dogma.Emperor Constantine, accompanied by the bishops of the First Council of Nicaea (325), holding the Niceno–Constantinopolitan Creed.So, that was the brief history of the Council of Nicaea and its participants. However, given the importance of the summit and the knowledge provided by ancient historians, archaeologists have been scoping the area where Nicaea once stood for decades, in search for further proof and details regarding the council.Related Video: 6 World Famous Landmarks Hiding Something from the PublicThis important archaeological site is today known as the modern Turkish town of Iznik and it is sitting next to a huge lake of the same name, in the western tip of Turkey, some 56 miles (90 km) from Istanbul.Seventh ecumenical council, Icon, 17th century, Novodevichy Convent, Moscow.Since 2006, Dr. Mustafa Şahin has been probing the ground around Iznik, looking for artifacts belonging to the rich history of the city. Little did he know that in 2014, he would hit his biggest discovery yet.It appears as though the head of the archaeology department at Bursa Uludağ University had been searching in the wrong place ― on the ground ― while he should’ve asked the lake for answers instead.When local surveyors showed him aerial images of what seemed to be a man-made building foundation in the middle of the Iznik lake, Şahin couldn’t believe his eyes.He described his excitement in an interview for Live Science, he had given on September 5th, 2018:“When I first saw the images of the lake, I was quite surprised to see a church structure that clearly. I was doing field surveys in Iznik [since 2006], and I hadn’t discovered such a magnificent structure like that.”The excavation of the structure led to evidence that it was the St. Neophytos of Nicaea basilica, which collapsed in 740 AD after a devastating earthquake. Presumably built in 390 AD, in the form in which it was discovered, Dr. Şahin has reasons to believe that the spot had been a site for ritual gathering way before Christianity became the official religion of Rome.Painting of “The Council of Nicea” in Sumela monastery, Macka, Trabzon, Turkey.According to the Turkish archaeologist the basilica may have been built on top of a pagan temple dedicated to the sun-god, Apollo. This comes as no surprise as the Greek and Roman deity was in the early stages of Christianity associated with the growing image of Jesus.Roman records from the period of emperor Commodus’ rule indicate that a temple dedicated to Apollo was built outside the city fortifications, sometimes in the period between 180 to 192 AD.Initially, the basilica was barely visible from the air. The excavation process, supervised by Mustafa Şahin, soon revealed the entire structure. However, this was no easy task ―the lake is rich with algae, which significantly reduces visibility under water, and the archaeologists had to use special vacuum equipment to extract soil from the submerged basilica to the shore, where it was then closely searched for artifacts.On the other hand, the excavations quickly bore fruit ― early Roman coins and fragments of an ancient lamp were discovered, together with several graves still holding human remains.Due to its size and historical importance, the question soon arose among scholars and curious journalists alike ― was this the site where the Council of Nicaea actually took place?Archaeologists have agreed that this might be possible as this was probably the main temple in Nicaea at the time the council took place.Further research will surely try to answer that question, but in the meantime, the remains of the basilica have sparked interest among the town’s officials as well.Read another story from us: Incredibly Well-Preserved 16th Century Warship DiscoveredAs the basilica remains submerged three meters underwater, talks are already being made for creating the first-ever underwater archaeology museum in Turkey, which would be open for business sometime in 2019. The complex would include a tower which would provide the viewing of the basilica and diving courses as well as professional guides, leading the tours.last_img read more

This Medieval Woman Used One of the Greatest Bluffs of All Time

first_imgThe historic town of Monção is situated on the northern border between Portugal and Spain, a region well known for its distinctive, refreshing wines, Vinho Verde. This peaceful Portuguese frontier town boasts thermal baths, traditional cuisine, and a 14th century fortress with a surprising history. The town’s crest of arms depicts a woman, standing on Monção’s medieval ramparts, her arms outstretched, brandishing two loaves of bread. According to local legend, this woman is Deu-la-Deu Martins, the medieval leader who protected the city from a Spanish attack in the Middle Ages.Deu-la-Deu. Photo by Nmmacedo CC BY-SA 3.0According to the Algarve History Association, in 1369 the Portuguese were at war with the neighboring kingdom of Castile. The demise of Peter the Cruel, king of Castile and León, had sparked a succession crisis, and the Portuguese king Ferdinand I was one among several contenders who laid claim to the Castilian throne. In fact, the crown was held by Peter’s illegitimate half-brother, Henry of Trastámara, and he was not pleased by Ferdinand’s efforts to usurp him.The year 1369 was consequently one of political turmoil and a number of small-scale campaigns. As part of a strategic move against Ferdinand, Henry decided to attack a number of fortified frontier towns on the Castilian-Portuguese border.Ferdinand IMonção was such a town, an important fortified settlement designed to protect the Portuguese from attack from the north. However, when Henry’s army arrived at the gates, the town was ill prepared for a siege, and the lord of Monção, Vasco Gomes de Abreu was away from home. According to the Algarve History Association, his wife, Deu-la-Deu Martins, was left to lead the defense of the fortress.Monção was a well-fortified town, and its high walls could resist an enemy attack for a significant length of time. However, surviving a siege required extensive preparation to ensure that the town’s inhabitants had enough food, water and supplies to wear their attackers down. When food began to run short, Monção’s residents began to suffer and an increasing number of people called for surrender.Azulejos representing archangel Michael in Messegães, Monção, Portugal. Photo by Joseolgon CC BY-SA 3.0However, a siege could also be costly for the attacking side. Henry’s forces continued to attack the walls of the fortress, incurring some loss of life with each assault, and still failed to penetrate the castle. Furthermore, his army needed to be fed and watered, and a long siege could cause his men to become restless. Henry knew he could not wait outside Monção indefinitely.This was something that Deu-la-Deu realized too. As the people crammed inside the fortress neared the end of their supplies, she decided to stage a bold bluff in the hope of tricking the Castilians. She gathered together all the scraps of remaining flour that she could find in the town, and ordered two loaves of bread to be baked.Taking the bread, she stood at the top of the castle ramparts and taunted the Castilian troops. She flung the loaves from the top of the ramparts, shouting “Deus lo deu, Deus lo há dado!” In other words, God had given the people of Monção so much bread that they were able to offer some to their attackers.Monçao 25-9-2010. Photo by lomarper CC BY-SA 3.0Believing the town to be well provisioned for a long siege, and concerned about his own diminishing food stores, Henry decided to cut his losses and withdraw. In one bold strike, Deu-la-Deu had saved the town. The story of her clever trick soon spread and she became a local legend.Read another story from us: “Dazzle Ships” – The Strangest Sea Camouflage EverEven today, Deu-la-Deu is honored on the town’s crest, and a statue of her was erected in the 19th century in the central square. Although historians debate on the concrete historical evidence for her life and actions during the siege of Monção, her legend is a core part of the town’s modern identity. In Monção, Deu-la-Deu will always be remembered as the woman who defeated the Castilians with just two loaves of bread.last_img read more

VIDEO Steph Curry pretended to poop on the Quicken Loans floor after

first_imgGolden State ripped the soul out of the City of Cleveland after stealing Game 3 from the Cavs, and took a commanding 3-0 lead in the NBA Finals.Kevin Durant’s dagger three gave the Warriors the lead for good with 45 seconds to play, and it appeared like Steph Curry trolled the Cavs by pretending to drop a deuce on the Quicken Loans Arena floor to commemorate the event.You can decide for yourself, but it sure looks like Curry went #2 after Durant’s go ahead 3. If you think anything is done by accident, given the history of these two teams, that’s cute.Keep your eyes on Curry. Troll so hard.#NBA #NBAFinals ?Kevin Durant Coast to coast for three ??????@cavs #DefendTheLand vs @warriors #DubNation Game 3⃣— Alexis Bullen (@alexis_bullen) June 8, 2017last_img read more

Simple Ways Around Tough Tech Challenges

first_img Risk taking is second nature to most entrepreneurs, but technology issues can make them turn cautious. Too often, business owners believe they don’t have the expertise or financial resources to take full advantage of technology. But by limiting their use of tech, they also limit their growth opportunities in our always-on, always-connected world.Turns out, many of these misgivings about tech may be based on misperceptions. Here are three common misconceptions that your business may need to move beyond to open new pathways for growth and innovation:1. Advanced security protection is too expensive and complicated for most small businesses.Your data is one of your company’s greatest assets, so investing in its security should be a top priority. The good news is that you don’t need a big IT budget because many security measures are free or inexpensive. In many cases, it doesn’t cost a penny extra to regularly download software updates, take advantage of your operating system’s encryption capabilities, enforce the use of strong passwords and use internet browsers with security features.One option is Tinfoil Security, which tests your website for vulnerabilities against virtual attacks. Costs start at $59 per month. Another solution to consider is having a portable, encrypted hard drive such as Western Digital’s My Book Essential, starting around $100 for up to 1.5 Terabytes of storage with automatic, continuous data backup and password protection.Related: Why You Might Need to Rethink Your Internet Security — Now2. Reaching more customers requires an in-house social media genius.You may not be able to afford a social media expert, but that doesn’t mean you can’t use social networks to get the word out about your products and services. Many free, online tools can help you increase your visibility, reach more customers and monitor your social media presence.One of those tools is Brandify, which can help you assess the online strength of your brand. It can help identify simple actions you can take to reach more customers, such as claiming ownership of automatically generated profiles and updating business information in online directories. Brandify can notify you when customers interact with your brand via social networks. And if your company has no social media presence to speak of, it can help you determine the steps required to get started.Another is Monitter, which tracks Twitter mentions of your company, as well as your competition, in real-time for free. Keep this interface open on your Internet browser and you can remain in-the-know as to what people are saying about your product or service and how your competition fits into the picture.For managing multiple online social profiles for your business, try a social media dashboard such as Hootsuite. It offers a free version or a professional version ($9.99 per month) with advanced features such as managing unlimited social profiles and message scheduling.Related: 10 Little Known Social Media Tools You Should Be Using3. Most small businesses can’t afford remote work arrangements.Advances in technology have enabled us to do our work from practically anywhere at any time. Yet, what many entrepreneurs may not know is that providing employees with remote capabilities can be affordable and even preferable to in-house work arrangements. Remote workers are often more productive and satisfied, plus they give business owners access to a larger talent pool.Thanks to the power of cloud computing and the wide range of software available over the Internet, you can cost effectively enable employees to work remotely, sometimes even eliminating the need for physical office space, networking infrastructure and an expensive lease.For instance, programs such as Microsoft Office 365 can give workers online access to a complete set of communication and collaboration tools for $6 per user, per month. And there’s Evernote, which offers a collection of applications to help store and organize information including webpages, photos and text notes. This can make it easier for remote workers to stay connected to the information they need the most, whenever and wherever they need it.Small businesses also can choose from a number of cloud-based solutions designed to make specific workplace tasks more efficient for mobile employees. San Francisco-based Xobni Pro ($45 per user, per year) can help workers develop and maintain their relationships with customers, peers and industry influencers. This cloud-based solution indexes all of your contacts –even those that aren’t in your address book but that you have interacted with over email, SMS or phone calls — through an application that’s available on any mobile operating system.Related: How Cloud Computing Saved My Business Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. 4 min read Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global July 23, 2012 Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Register Now »last_img read more

How to Avoid Getting Hacked Infographic

first_imgClick to Enlarge+ Register Now » Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. 1 min read August 22, 2013center_img Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global According to data compiled by online security company Hotspot Shield, 12.6 million people were victims of identity theft last year, losing a total of $21 billion.With a problem that big, it’s important to know not only how hackers can find your personal or business information, but how to protect yourself.The infographic below illustrates the most common ways hackers access data and the mistakes consumers make that leave them vulnerable to becoming victims. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.last_img

3 Things You Need to Know About Your Tech Guy

first_img Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals You’d think by now, with “cloud” applications, everything being “hosted” and all software being delivered as a “service” that we wouldn’t have to deal with tech guys as much as we did in the past. But we still do. That’s because most of us still need PCs, laptops and tablets. We still have routers and cabling and switches in the office. We’re still saving some stuff locally on servers and many of us still have on-premises systems, like accounting and other databases that we rely on daily and will probably continue to rely on for the foreseeable future. And so all of this needs the tech guy. You know who this is, right?He’s as old as your own kid. He’s a hipster. He last showered when Windows 7 was released. He has a goatee, and probably a pony tail. He’s rushed, frazzled and impatient. He fixes one thing and ten other things break. He drinks coffee or Red Bulls. He’s not unfriendly. But he’s definitely not a salesman. You pay him by the hour or maybe you have a monthly contract with him. You need him. He makes sure your systems keep running so your business can keep running.There are at least three important things you need to know about this guy:1. Not all tech guys were created equal. Most tech guys think their clients are idiots when it comes to tech. But rest assured, there are plenty of other tech guys who likely think the same about your tech guy. And they’re probably right. In the corporate world there are tech guys who deal with very complex security, data, application and connectivity issues. They come with respectable academic pedigrees and work for years in the bowels of giants like Oracle, SAP and Google.Your tech guy is likely not one of these guys. Otherwise, he’d be working there. The barrier to enter the world if independent IT consulting is almost non-existent. Any clown who’s tinkered with a computer can do it. And maybe your tech guy did work at Oracle. But that may not qualify him to be a tech guy. Because tech, like any other industry, has many sub-specialties. I know plenty of competent C# programmers who know nothing about configuring a network. I know lots of SQL database experts who can’t even setup a printer. Make sure you understand your tech guy’s qualifications.2. Don’t take their word for it. Lots of tech guys like to make their clients feel like nincompoops. They toss around unrecognizable words and give you withering looks when you ask simple questions. Men (most tech guys are men because it is one of the last places left in the world where we feel we can control things) like to pretend we know stuff when we really don’t. That’s why we hate to ask for directions and get help. Tech guys pretend they know the answers. But don’t believe every answer they give you. Trust your own common sense. Before spending a lot of money on a new project, get some other tech guys in to give you their second opinions. Don’t be afraid to question. You’re not as stupid as you’re being made to think. Technology is an art, not a science. If it were truly a science, most tech guys wouldn’t be smart enough to do it.3. Get used to stuff breaking. Your tech guy is likely a Microsoft person. That means he’s used to stuff not working all the time and he accepts this. You should too — to a degree. Often tech guys throw out fixes like a baby throws  food — hoping it sticks to the wall. Don’t ask silly questions like “Why did this happen?” Instead ask “If it is God’s will that this problem occurs again, how do I reach you?”This is not entirely the fault of the tech person. There is a part of technology that cannot be explained, perhaps for the same reason no one can explain why Duck Dynasty is such a popular show. It is like dark matter. So you let it go. Tech guys are used to dealing with an imperfect world. You will have to accept this. But don’t let that hold you back from asking the questions you need to get yourself comfortable. If the issue is important enough, don’t let him walk out the door until you get your questions satisfactorily answered. And make sure you know where to reach him when the problem inevitably re-occurs.Just remember, your tech guy may be halfway decent at technology. But he’s not a great businessman. Treat him fairly, but be tough. And don’t let him off the hook. Some tech issues are not worth fighting. But others are important, so push for the answers you need. If a tech issue seems strange to you, that’s because it’s probably strange. You’re not stupid, so get your answers before he leaves. Otherwise you’ll quickly be out-of -ight and out-of-mind, and he’ll be on to disrupting the next small business owner. Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. November 18, 2013 5 min read Register Now »last_img read more

Global Ecommerce Payment Market by Manufacturers Countries Type and Application Forecast

first_imgThe global e-commerce payment market accounted for US$ 24.26 Bn in 2017 and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 13.1% over the forecast period 2018-2025, to account for US$ 64.69 Bn in 2025.The demand for e-commerce payment is largely influenced by a number of factors such as availability of several online payment options on e-commerce websites such as e-wallet, debit & credit cards, net banking etc.; increasing banking population worldwide; and rising smartphone adoption coupled with increasing internet penetration. Furthermore, the growth of cross-border e-commerce provides a potential opportunity for the e-commerce payment market.Get Sample Copy of this Report @ e-commerce payment market is fragmented with the presence of several payment gateway providers and the competitive dynamics in the market is expected to change during the upcoming years. E-commerce players are considering several factors before reaching a final decision to select a payment gateway service provider for their online business.These factors include ease of onboarding, attractive pricing, a range of payment options, merchant & end-user centric features, strong customer support and availability of Omnichannel. Integration of such features under one suite of gateway solution will create significant opportunities for the companies to leverage an increasing growing e-commerce market.On the basis of type, credit card segment is the leading however, it is expected that the segment will lose its major share to e-wallet during the forecast period. With the e-commerce growth, the e-commerce payment market is noticing developments of new products and services with an objective to capture share in the constantly growing e-commerce payment market space.The introduction of new payment types helps the customers by providing more convenience as well as security while making online payments. The selection of payment options is the main consideration for e-commerce players for reducing shopping cart abandonment. Payments options that are confusing and not in accordance with customers banking requirements can significantly affect the sales channel success.The overall e-commerce payment market size has been derived using both primary and secondary source. The research process begins with an exhaustive secondary research using internal and external sources to obtain qualitative and quantitative information related to the e-commerce payment market. It also provides the overview and forecast for the global e-commerce payment market based on all the segmentation provided with respect to five major reasons such as North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and South America.Also, primary interviews were conducted with industry participants and commentators in order to validate data and analysis. The participants who typically take part in such a process include industry expert such as VPs, business development managers, market intelligence managers and national sales managers, and external consultant such as valuation experts, research analysts and key opinion leaders specializing in the e-commerce payment industry.Get Discount of this Report @ Us:Big Market Research has a range of research reports from various publishers across the world. Our database of reports of various market categories and sub-categories would help to find the exact report you may be looking for.Contact Us:Mr. Abhishek PaliwalBig Market Research5933 NE Win Sivers Drive, #205, Portland,OR 97220 United StatesDirect: +1-971-202-1575Toll Free: +1-800-910-6452Email: help@bigmarketresearch.comlast_img read more

Word 2016 Researcher and Editor tools

first_imgWord 2016: Researcher and Editor tools by Martin Brinkmann on July 26, 2016 in Companies, Microsoft – Last Update: May 22, 2018 – 5 commentsMicrosoft announced two new tools, Researcher and Editor, for Word 2016 today that introduce better research integration and writing assistance.Word 2016 is the newest version of the popular word editing software that is available to Office 365 users and customers who purchased a standalone copy of Office 2016.The update is available today to all Office 365 subscribers who are using Word 2016 on the Windows desktop according to Microsoft.The easiest way to find out whether you have it or not is to open Word 2016 on the Windows desktop and check whether the new “Researcher” option is available under References when you edit a document.ResearcherResearcher is a new tool that you may use to find references directly from within Word 2016. The feature uses Bing’s Knowledge Graph for that and displays data in a sidebar in the Word 2016 when enabled.You find the new option under References > Researcher.Researcher is a new service in Word that helps you find and incorporate reliable sources and content for your paper in fewer steps. Right within your Word document you can explore material related to your topic and add it—and its properly-formatted citation—in one click. Researcher uses the Bing Knowledge Graph to pull in the appropriate content from the web and provide structured, safe and credible information.You may use the new tool to add quotes and “properly formatted citation” to documents. While this may not be suitable for science-grade documents, it may do for many other types of documents.EditorEditor is touted as a new digital writing assistant that assists you with proofing and editing services. The initial release flags unclear phrases, redundancy or complex words, and makes recommendations by displaying alternatives to you.The service uses machine learning and natural language processing for that, and will improve over time according to Microsoft.While Researcher helps you start a paper, Editor assists you with the finishing touches by providing an advanced proofing and editing service. Leveraging machine learning and natural language processing—mixed with input from our own team of linguists—Editor makes suggestions to help you improve your writing. Initially, it will help you simplify and streamline written communications by flagging unclear phrases or complex words, such as recommending “most” in place of “the majority of.”Microsoft plans to improve Editor this fall by informing you why words or phrases may not be accurate, and listing corrections at the same time.Word 2016 distinguishes between the following kinds of underlined hints:Red Squiggle for spelling mistakes.Blue Double Underline for Grammar mistakes.Gold Dotted Line for Writing Style issues.The following video highlights the new tools briefly.Additional information about the Researcher and Editor tools of Word 2016 for the windows desktop, and new features introduced in Outlook and PowerPoint, is provided on Microsoft’s Office blog.SummaryArticle NameWord 2016: Researcher and Editor announcedDescriptionMicrosoft announced two new tools, Researcher and Editor, for Word 2016 today that introduce better research integration and writing assistance.Author Martin BrinkmannPublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisementlast_img read more

WizTree 310 new keyboard shortcuts Visual Treemap mode

first_imgWizTree 3.10: new keyboard shortcuts, Visual Treemap mode by Martin Brinkmann on September 13, 2017 in Software – Last Update: September 13, 2017 – 15 commentsWizTree 3.10 is an important update for the software that displays the size distribution of files on Windows PCs; the new version comes with a new Visual Treemap display mode, new keyboard shortcuts, and other improvements.We reviewed WizTree 3.0 less than a month ago. The version introduced a dedicated 64-bit program, support for NTFS hard links, and direct feedback on file deletions.WizTree is available as a portable software that you can run from any location. You need to select one of the connected partitions and activate the scan button afterwards to get a sorted listing of the largest folders and files on that drive.You may run select operations, delete for instance, right in the interface, or make use of other options, for instance to open a folder in Explorer.WizTree 3.10First thing that veteran WizTree users may notice is that the default interface has changed. You still get the handy tree view listing, but also the new Visual Treemap view mode and the file type view mode.Visual Treemap uses the same system that WinDirStat uses to visualize the space distribution on the drive. Each rectangle represents a file on the scanned drive.The file name, path and size is shown when you hover the mouse over a rectangle, and when you select it, you are taken directly to it in the tree view listing. You cannot zoom in or out currently which makes the new display mode useful only for large enough files that you can select using the mouse, or for location folders that store a lot of files.You may hide the new display mode with a click on Options > Show Treemap, or by using the keyboard shortcut F9 to toggle it.F9 is one of the new keyboard shortcuts of WizTree 3.10. The new version of the program includes these additional shortcuts:F3 — To select a folder or drive.F4 — Reset tree expansion.F6 — Select parent.F7 — Re-select child nodeF8 — Show file types.F9 — Show Treemap.The second new display mode, File Type View, displays a breakdown of files by extension. This list is sorted by size as well, so that you can see the file types that occupy the most space on a drive.File types are color coded so that you may associate them with rectangles on the Visual Treemap visualization directly.WizTree 3.10 comes with three additional features. The program supports high contrast mode on Windows now, and it includes translations for select languages right away (Chinese, Polish, Russian and Ukraine).Users who make a donation to support the author — recommended — get a supported code when they do which they may enter in the program to hide the donate button in the interface.Closing WordsWizTree is an excellent program for Windows that evolves constantly. The author is highly active, and new versions with new features get pushed out regularly.Now You: Do you use a program to analyze space distribution on hard drives?Summary12345 Author Rating5 based on 2 votes Software Name WizTreeOperating System WindowsSoftware Category AdministrationLanding Page Advertisementlast_img read more

Fix What needs your attention error when upgrading to Windows 10 May

first_imgFix “What needs your attention” error when upgrading to Windows 10 May 2019 Update by Martin Brinkmann on April 22, 2019 in Windows – Last Update: April 25, 2019 – 19 commentsWindows 10 version 1903, the May 2019 Update, has not been released officially. The new feature update is available on MSDN, in the Release Preview ring, and also on various Internet sites unofficially.Some Windows administrators who attempt to upgrade existing installations of Windows 10 to the new version receive “What needs your attention” error messages right now that indicate that PC hardware drivers or services are not (yet) ready for the upgrade.The error message, unfortunately, does not reveal any information about the hardware. Microsoft plans to improve these error messages in Windows 10 version 1903, but administrators are left alone currently when it comes to troubleshooting and resolving the issue.Update: Microsoft published a support page that provides a solution for the issue. According to KB4500988, the issue is caused by external USB devices or SD memory cards that are plugged in to the computer. Microsoft noticed that external drives or SD memory cards may be mapped to different drive letters after the upgrade to the new version, and that is why the upgrade is blocked. Workaround until Microsoft fixes the issue is to unplug external USB devices or SD memory cards before the upgrade. EndMicrosoft was never really good at providing information. Back in 2017, users received another “what needs your attention” error. Back then, Windows stated that an app was not compatible with the new version of Windows 10 and that users should remove it. Windows 10 never revealed which app that was, however, so that administrators had to use trial and error to find the troublesome app.The error message states:What needs your attentionThe following things need your attention to continue the installation and keep your Windows settings, personal files, and apps.This PC can’t be upgraded to Windows 10.Your PC has a driver or service that isn’t ready for this version of Windows 10. No action is needed. Windows Update will offer this version of Windows 10 automatically once the issue has been resolved.The new error message indicates that a hardware driver or service is the problem but fails to provide information. It is as if history repeats itself. Thankfully, suggestions on how to resolve the issue are already available.Microsoft suggests to stay on the installed version of Windows and wait for Windows 10 to offer the new version via Windows Update. The company reveals that this will be the case when the issue is resolved.Our colleagues over at Deskmodder offer the following suggestions:Administrators should try and install the upgrade using a Windows 10 1903 ISO image and disconnected Internet.Software that may cause the issue includes: iTunes, FutureMark, BattlEye Anticheat.Hardware that may cause the issue includes Creative sound adapters or Realtek card readers.Dr. Windows published the following tips:Administrators should unplug any device, e.g. printer, scanner or card readers, that is not required for operation during the update.Checks to find out if recent drivers are available, and to install those.Remove storage cards from devices, especially Microsoft Surface devices.Closing WordsThere is no need to rush and install the new feature update right away or the minute it is released officially by Microsoft; while some user groups may want to install the update to test new features and changes, most may want to wait several months before installing the new upgrade.Now You: Did you run into the error? What did you do to resolve it?SummaryArticle NameFix “What needs your attention” error when upgrading to Windows 10 May 2019 UpdateDescriptionFind out what you need to do when a Windows 10 upgrade returns the error “What needs your attention” without providing actionable information.Author Martin BrinkmannPublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisementlast_img read more

I went to Disneyland Gay Days and found one of the best

first_imgGAYSTARNEWS- A sea of red. | Photo: Anya Crittenton eTN Chatroom for Readers (join us) Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… Disney releases pride ears for a little more gay pixie dust in lifeJack Whitehall receives backlash over Disney ‘gay man’ castingPride Month: How is LGBTQ tourism doing these days?Read the full article on Gaystarnews:  : In reality, he simply started offering to help out and before he knew it, he became a Gay Days leader.New friends. From L to R: Danny, Kelly, Sam, Ryan, me, and Nima. | Photo: Anya CrittentonNima and I bonded over our love of Disney and its inherent inextricability from our identies. It’s why gathering at a place like Disneyland simply makes sense for so many in the community. It’s already a happy place — but when you walk around and see other people in red shirts donning rainbow pins, knowing you’re surrounded by a larger feeling.While talking, Nima compared Disneyland to Switzerland with a laugh.‘People from all walks of life in the community come here and we’re all bound by Disney.’It’s an inclusive WonderlandDuring the big weekend, things kick off on Friday night with the Wonderland party.The party is led by Danny and Kelly. They’ve been attending Gay Days for 10 years and want Wonderland to be a way to kick off the weekend where guests are in a happy place.The event draws performers like drag queen Alyssa Edwards and Trixie Mattel.Kelly as Alice with Alyssa Edwards. | Photo: Instagram @wonderlandgaydays‘At the beginning, people used to feel excluded,’ Danny said. Gay men made up a majority of the attendees. It’s one of the things he and Kelly are aware of — and want to remedy.‘We’ve been trying to encourage the whole community to come out for this,’ Danny continued. This includes inviting every person in the community to enjoy the event, including lesbians, transgender men and women, bisexuals, bears, and everyone else.I can’t wait to see what the future holds.Got a news tip? Want to share your story? Email us . After college, I worked at Walt Disney World in the Disney College Program for a year.It’s not an exaggeration that Disneyland truly is the Happiest Place on Earth for me. It’s always felt safe, inclusive, and like a rainbow-tinted fairy tale land.This only became more apparent when I attended my very first Gay Days event at the resort on Saturday (3 March). I found a whole new world.To all the queers who gather hereGay Days is celebrating its 20th anniversary this year.Eddie Shapiro, author of Queens in the Kingdom: The Ultimate Gay and Lesbian Guide to the Disney Theme Parks, and a leader of this event, told me he’s amazed at the growth.As the website states, the first event in 1998 attracted 2,500 people. Now, the big event in October, which runs Friday-Sunday, brings tens of thousands of guests donning red shirts.While it’s an unofficial event and not sponsored by Disney, Shapiro said the park has come to embrace it more.They offer hotel discounts to Gay Days guests and help block off the area in front of Sleeping Beauty’s Castle for a group photo.The delicious rainbow cake. | Photo: Anya CrittentonSaturday was only the Mini Gay Days event. It’s a single day, rather than a weekend, and only hundreds of people show up instead of 30,000. Still, I immediately noticed the way cast members (aka people who work for Disney) greeted all the red shirts (the uniform of being a Gay Day participant) with smiles and exuberance.As for the Gay Days attendees themselves, I felt very welcomed by them as we all instantly became friends and bonded over Disney rainbow cake. We laughed about the consequences of food dyes, our favorite attractions, and more.‘Disneyland is Switzerland’I spoke to Nima, a volunteer of Gay Days who has been attending the event for five years.When asked how he became a volunteer, he first joked: ‘I threw pixie dust in people’s eyes and took over.’ As a native Californian, Disneyland has been an intrinsic part of my life for all 26 years. My parents took me for the first time when I was a mere 18 months old.last_img read more