College of the Redwoods will play in front of its home fans for the first time in 2019 today when it welcomes Gavilan College to Community Stadium for a 1 p.m. kickoff.Redwoods (0-1) fell 51-34 in its opener a week ago on the road at Monterrey Peninsula College on Sept. 7.Redwoods’ offense unit showed its ability to rack up yards under the command of quarterback Brody Lucero in the loss.The red-shirt freshman passed for 410 yards and five touchdowns in the loss to go along with two …
Despite generations of official efforts to keep South Africans apart, “racial” mingling goes back to the very first years when white and black met at the Cape of Good Hope.Unravelling our ancestry – and our names. From left, Krotoa of the Goringhaicona, Shaykh Yusuf of the Macassar, Walter Sisulu and Simon van der Stel.Saddled with the burden of apartheid and colonial-slanted textbooks, South Africans have tended to take their identities from their political leanings. But so-called “mixed marriages” are as old as South Africa itself. And more people are finding family tree research the key to understanding their own heritages.The first written records of births, deaths and marriages, incomplete though they are, came with Dutchman Jan van Riebeeck in 1652, when he set out to establish a way station at the Cape of Good Hope with the aid of Robben Island.Krotoa of the GoringhaiconaPerhaps the most representative of the mix of South African ancestry lines dating from those early days is the marriage of Krotoa of the Goringhaicona, a Khoi interpreter who worked for Van Riebeeck and married a colleague of his, Danish explorer Pieter Meerhof.Burdened with the double obligation of fitting into European society and being loyal to her own people, Krotoa’s life was made even harder when Meerhof was seconded to Robben Island as superintendent.Left as one of only two women on the island when her husband was killed on a slaving expedition, and shunned by both societies, Krotoa succumbed to depression and an early death at only 32. But she left behind at least eight children, one of whom was the progenitor of the Zaaiman family in South Africa.Some of them went on to become key figures from all spectrums – including white premiers Paul Kruger, Jan Smuts and FW de Klerk.Slave routes, slave rootsThen came the slaves: in 1658 the first two boatloads – one from Angola and one from west Africa – arrived, and some of these went on to marry Dutch citizens of the Cape or bear children by them after intermarriage became outlawed.One couple, Anna and Evert, who were purchased by the Dutch from African slave lords in Benin in 1658, produced a daughter who went on to have a son by prosperous Dutchman Bastiaan Colyn. Her son, Johannes, married a descendant of the wealthy Cloete family and purchased De Hoop op Constantia, still one of the finest estates in the Cape.After west Africa was declared out of bounds, the Dutch East India Company began bringing in slaves from the east – either from their base in Djakarta or China, Sri Lanka or India, often with Arabs as middlemen. The first boatloads arrived in 1681, and by 1730 they had extended their operations to include the Mascarenes, Mozambique and Zanzibar, with Portuguese colonists as middlemen.With only 19 European women and 100 white free burghers at the Cape in 1677, most 13th generation South Africans with colonial ancestry have at least one slave ancestor from these parts. Though European female numbers increased 30 years later, slave women were often favoured for their beauty, and many became the ancestral mothers (or stammoeders) of generations of families in South Africa.Angela of BengalBefore the first official slave consignments had been sanctioned, Angela of Bengal (or Maaij Ansela) was bought by Jan van Riebeeck, the founder of the Dutch colony, was resold and freed by her master. She then married Arnoldus Willemsz Bason, and became the stammoeder of the Basson family in South Africa.Through marriages of her children, Maaij (or Mooi, beautiful) Ansela is also the stammoeder of the Bergh and Van As families. One of her descendants was Voortrekker leader Andries Pretorius, who married Anna Retief, niece of slain trekboer Piet.In 1692, four of the 34 Cape Town free burghers had ex-slave wives, but according to “Cape Town, Making of a City”, compiled by Nigel Worden et al, this mestizo culture was gradually discouraged by the ruling Dutch, although this did not discourage illicit affairs – and illegitimate children borne out of such unions.One well-researched case is that of Isabella of Angola, who had children by a Dutchman thought to be Cornelis Claassen.One of Isabella’s children is believed to be Armosyn van de Kaap, who became matron of the Slave Lodge and went on to have a daughter by a European. Armosyn’s daughter later married German soldier Hermann Combrink, the stamvader of that prolific family in South Africa.Often the only ticket for freedom for slave women – or their children – was through marriage to a white man. In terms of a 1685 decree, male halfslag Company slaves of European ancestry were permitted to buy their freedom at 25, females at 22, provided they had been confirmed in the Dutch Reformed Church and could speak Dutch. Because of this, many Muslims officially converted religions, providing yet another marriage barrier.Other Easterners taken as slaves were Muslim political leaders who objected to Dutch domination in the East Indies, perhaps the most well-known being Shaykh Yusuf, whose kramat near Faure is today an important pilgrimage destination for South African Muslims.It is still not known whether Yusuf’s remains lie in the tomb or were transported back to Macassar, as the Dutch government reported, but some of his descendants did remain. One of his grandsons married Marie Jordaan, whose origins were in France.The HuguenotsIn 1688, a new influence brought with it another European aspect to the cultural kaleidoscope: the first French Huguenot Protestants escaping Catholic persecution in France were brought out by the Dutch.Settling the area now known as Franschhoek, many of the Huguenots owned slaves to cultivate the winelands, and half-caste children, born mainly out of wedlock, were among the unfortunates who produced children who failed to pass the apartheid government’s pencil test over two centuries later.By the early 1700s Dutch farmers had started moving inland. Though they were not officially allowed to be enslaved, Xhosa and Khoi were employed by the Dutch under conditions often equivalent to slavery, and inter-breeding among all three continued, often in the capacity of mistress or cuckold.1820 settlers, shipwreck survivorsIn 1795, the British occupied the Cape for the first time, and after losing it to the Dutch again in 1803, seized it as their own in 1806. With the British occupation came the impoverished 1820 settlers, who were sent to help wrest land from the Xhosa in the Eastern Cape and the Zulu in KwaZulu-Natal.One of the better-known of these settlers to cross the racial divide was Henry Fynn, who befriended Zulu King Shaka and fathered children by many Zulu wives.Other English names which crop up regularly in the history of the Wild Coast, traditionally the home of the Pondo, are King and Cane, explorers who lived among the local tribes.Shipwreck survivors through the centuries have also produced many a blue-eyed black child in the area. In his book “The Caliban Shore”, Stephen Taylor describes the meeting of survivors from The Grosvenor with an escaped Cape slave who had made his home on the Eastern frontier, an indication of other possible influences in tribal ancestry.Inter-tribal marriage was another influence, as Shaka absorbed smaller tribes in his quest for dominance.With British rule came the banning of slave importation in 1807, but boatloads of “prize negroes”, slaves secured by the government from illegal slave ships, were still introduced into the colony as cheap labour. A number of British settlers married Madagascans and Mauritians imported in this way.St Helena servantsIn 1834, slavery was officially abolished, and mission stations dotted around the Cape absorbed many of those left jobless by the system.Another much-contested scheme to compensate for the loss of slave labour saw a wave of St Helena servants imported, which continued to the end of the 19th century. A large portion of Cape Town’s Cape Flats today is the product of intermarriages, and many can remember their St Helena ancestors being broken by the system which crushed their progress with forced removals in the 1960s.For brief spells between frontier wars, there was relative peace among the many nations of the land, but it was not long before the Boer Dutch farmers grew unhappy with their lot under British rule without slaves, and headed north.By the time of the South African (or Anglo-Boer) War in 1899, after the diamond rush and the discovery of gold, Boers had married Brits, who had followed the original settlers in droves, both had married across the colour line, and slaves had married Khoi and Bantu.Walter Sisulu, Simon van der StelThough marriage across the colour line was outlawed, it was little deterrent to those with soul aspirations. Perhaps the most well-known and most ironic product of such unions was ANC stalwart and pragmatic long-time adviser and friend of Nelson Mandela throughout his exile on Robben Island, Walter Sisulu, born in 1912 in Qutubeni, Transkei.Though he had little to do with him, Sisulu’s white father, Albert Dickinson, a Port Elizabeth government worker, went on to have another child by his mother, Alice. They never officially married, and Walter took on his mother’s surname, adding Max Ulyate as his middle names. Though it has not been explored, the name Ulyate was a surname of a prominent family of 1820 settlers.It only takes a trip or two out of Cape Town to be reminded just how much craziness the system bred. Simonstown, a naval base and popular tourist spot, and Stellenbosch, the home of the Afrikaans language, are just two of the many spots named after Dutch governor Simon van Der Stel, who set about seizing land from the Khoi on his arrival in 1679.Though Van der Stel is widely accepted as being the greedy progenitor of apartheid whose sprawling, slave-worked estates were the elite homes of generations of Afrikaners, a little-known fact is that Van der Stel, born in Mauritius, was Eurasian – and probably just a generation away from slavery.His father Adrian van der Stel was Dutch and his mother, Maria Leviens, was the daughter of Monica of the Coromondel, a former enslaved woman from India who became known as Monica da Costa.Evidence shows that he and his sister covered up their mother’s origin in order to be given white status when they emigrated to Holland. The only proven picture of Van der Stel disappeared in 1934, but another which is thought to be his portrait shows an arguably Eastern demeanour.Brand South Africa reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
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Picking up the Pieces: Helping Couples Overcome InfidelityDate: August 11, 2016Time: 11:00 am-12:30 pm EasternLocation: Picking up the Pieces: Helping Couples Overcome InfidelityFlickr [IMG_2625 by Vortexas32, March 29, 2012, CC BY-ND 2.0]This session is being presented by Emily Brown, LCSW. Emily is the director of Key Bridge Therapy Center in Arlington, VA. She works with individuals, couples, and families regarding the underlying issues in relationships, marriage, divorce and betrayal. In this webinar, Emily will be assisting service professionals in the identification and treatment of affairs in couples. This will include special difficulties for military families when it comes to affairs in addition to the different types of affairs, how to handle the surfacing of an affair, how to intervene and work with couples effectively, and how to assist with forgiveness and closure. Join us on August 11th at 11:00 am Eastern!We offer 1.5 National Association of Social Worker CE credits and CE credits for licensed Marriage and Family Therapists in the state of Georgia for each of our webinars, click here to learn more. For more information on future presentations in the 2016 Family Development webinar series, please visit our professional development website or connect with us via social media for announcements: Facebook & Twitter.
Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Google Philippines names new country director GALLERY: Michael Dasmariñas, Samuel Salva earn world title shots at ‘Rising Stars’ PBA IMAGESMANILA, Philippines—Rey Suerte came through in the clutch to lift Che’Lu Bar and Grill over McDavid, 109-99, in the 2019 PBA D-League at JCSO Gym in Cubao.Suerte scored six of his team’s last eight points as the Revellers withstood a late fightback by McDavid.ADVERTISEMENT Trump tells impeachment jokes at annual turkey pardon event Wintry storm delivers US travel woes before Thanksgiving View comments Colombia protesters vow new strike after talks hit snag The Skippers climbed to 3-2 in the Foundation Group.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Bloomberg: US would benefit from more, not fewer, immigrants Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss MOST READ LATEST STORIES Suerte finished with 26 points as Che’Lu improved to 3-1 in the Aspirants Group.Chris Dumapig added a double-double with 15 points and 13 rebounds while Robbie Manalang and Jessie Collado tallied 13 points apiece.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsIn the other game, Marinerong Pilipino bounced back with a 91-72 rout of Trinity University of Asia.Santi Santillan led the Skippers with 29 points, 13 of which came in the third quarter where Marinero pulled away. Santillan also grabbed 10 rebounds.
LEXINGTON, KY – SEPTEMBER 23: Chauncey Gardner Jr #23 of the Florida Gators celebrates after the 28-27 win over the Kentucky Wildcats at Kroger Field on September 23, 2017 in Lexington, Kentucky. (Photo by Andy Lyons/Getty Images)Florida signee Jordan Scarlett hasn’t played a down for his team just yet, but it looks like he’s going to be a Gator for life – whether or not he actually sticks with the program. Scarlett, a four-star running back commit who begins his freshman year in 2015, got a very strong Florida tattoo earlier this week. It’s of the school logo, which features mascot Albert.Go follow @thaillustratedman305 on Instagram thanks for the ink! pic.twitter.com/RI7hJT2CiH— ManChild (@Famousscarlett) April 7, 2015Scarlett is expected to be a big asset for a program looking to get back on the map. It looks like he’s ready to go.[Only Gators]
college spun staff picks week 14With the exception of the annual Army vs. Navy contest, which will be played next Saturday, college football’s regular season will wrap up this weekend. This Saturday, we’ve got a few interesting Big 12 matchups, and, of course, conference championship games. Clemson, Alabama, Iowa and Michigan State can all lock up College Football Playoff berths with victories. Stanford and UNC, meanwhile, need to both win and get help to find themselves in the field. Ohio State doesn’t play, but the Buckeyes will be glued to their televisions, hoping for chaos.In our competition, it’s come down to the wire. Matt Hladik and Dustin Tackett are tied heading into the final set of games. This week, they’ve both chosen the same teams. As such, we’ll have a total-score-based tiebreaker for the Army vs. Navy game next week.Who do you have?
Some of the most active companies traded Tuesday on the Toronto Stock Exchange:Toronto Stock Exchange (16,159.50, down 47.82 points).RNC Minerals. (TSX:RNX). Metals. Down 41 cents, or 35.65 per cent, to 74 cents on 64.1 million shares.Aurora Cannabis Inc. (TSX:ACB). Healthcare. Up 50 cents, or 4.07 per cent, to $12.77 on 53 million shares.Baytex Energy Corp. (TSX:BTE). Energy. Down two cents, or 0.52 per cent, to $3.81 on 8.7 million shares.Wallbridge Mining Co. Ltd. (TSX:WM). Metals. Up two cents, or 6.67 per cent, to 32 cents on 8.1 million shares.Aphria Inc. (TSX:APH). Healthcare. Down 38 cents, or 1.91 per cent, to $19.54 on 7.3 million shares.First Quantum Minerals Ltd. (TSX:FM). Base metals. Down 24 cents, or 1.5 per cent, to $15.72 on 7.3 million shares.Companies reporting major news:Transat A.T. (TSX:TRZ). Down 10 cents or 1.27 per cent to $7.77. The travel company has taken its first concrete step toward getting shovels in the sand on its $750-million plan develop a hotel chain in the Riviera Maya and the Caribbean, announcing a deal Tuesday to buy land on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula. Transat said it aims to build a beach resort on a newly purchased lot in the village of Puerto Morelos — less than 40 kilometres from Cancun — and on an adjacent property, for which it has signed a promissory agreement. The combined deal would cost between US$54 million and US$57 million, Transat said.Shopify Inc. (TSX:SHOP). Down $1.19 or 0.57 per cent to $208.45. The founder of Shopify says Canada shouldn’t be too quick to celebrate when U.S. technology giants head north of the border. Tobi Lutke outlined his frustration at how Canadian talent and intellectual property seeps out of the country in a Tuesday interview with The Canadian Press, where he touched on the dangers of U.S. technology brands starting up branch offices in Canada.Aurora Cannabis. Inc. (TSX:ACB). Up 50 cents or 4.1 per cent to $12.77. The licensed marijuana producer says it is “more than ready” for the legalization of recreational pot next month, with enough supply to meet all its commitments to provinces and territories. Aurora’s chief corporate officer Cam Battley also says the cannabis firm doesn’t expect to need supply agreements with other licensed producers to bridge inventory gaps. Canada officially legalizes recreational cannabis for adult use on Oct. 17.
Adrian Peterson added to his tough week when the Minnesota Vikings lost to the Carolina Panthers Sunday.Panthers quarterback Cam Newton threw three touchdown passes and ran for another TD as his team rolled over the mourning Peterson and the Vikings 35-10.The running back, Peterson averaged 6.2 yards per carry, and finished the game with 62 yards on 10 carries and 21 yards on three receptions. However, the Vikings (1-4) didn’t play the star after halftime.Friday, Peterson learned that his 2-year-old son died in South Dakota after suffering injuries from alleged child abuse. The man involved, Joseph Robert Patterson, was arrested and charged in the case.“It’s tough. It’s a crazy situation,” Peterson said. “Anytime you lose a child, no matter the circumstances, it hurts. I can’t describe it. But I’ve got a good supporting cast.”Said Vikings coach Leslie Frazier: “I thought he handled it as well as you can.”