Tag: 上海楼凤ZM

Koke is still on the sidelines and it seems difficult to play against Levante

first_imgNor did Lemar exercise, who also continues to recover from the injury he has suffered this week. French has “An injury to the hamstring musculature of the right thigh” and is ruled out to be measured in the Levant. For his part, Trippier did work in the gym. Atlético will return to work tomorrow Thursday with a view to preparing the first league clash of the year. Atlético has trained this afternoon in Majadahonda in the first training of 2020. The rojiblanco team continues to prepare this weekend’s match against Levante (Saturday, 6:30 p.m.) and Simeone still cannot count on one of its important players. Koke continues to recover from the injury which prevented him from being in the last league match against Betis. And it seems complicated that he could be against Levante, so his contest would already be in the Spanish Super Cup against Barcelona. Koke suffers a “elongation in the hamstring musculature of the right thigh”. last_img read more

A new law was supposed to protect South Africans privacy It may

first_imgBlood from a finger prick can be analyzed for viruses like HIV, but a new privacy rule may restrict research on such data in South Africa. Ben Gilbert/Wellcome Trust Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country A new law was supposed to protect South Africans’ privacy. It may block important research instead Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwecenter_img To probe causes of cardiovascular disease, Michèle Ramsay of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg takes volunteers’ personal history, blood, and urine and looks for genes or stressors that might help predict hypertension or stroke. She also asks volunteers for permission to share their data with other scientists and to make them available for future studies, in what’s called broad consent—a standard request from some big databases in Europe and the United States. A decade from now, her data and samples could help answer a host of new questions.But a new privacy law, scheduled to go into effect in 2020 and discussed by lawyers, ethicists, and researchers at a meeting here on 4–5 February, could upend such protocols in South Africa, a country whose varied population makes it a magnet for research on public health and human diversity. At a time when giant sample and data repositories called biobanks are transforming health research by allowing multiple researchers to ask different questions of the same data, South Africa’s rule could limit such secondary use of data and hamstring international collaborations. Where South Africa leads, other African countries might follow, adds Charles Rotimi, director of the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH’s) Center for Research on Genomics and Global Health in Bethesda, Maryland. “It may set a precedent.”South Africa passed the Protection of Personal Information Act (POPIA) in 2013, but delayed enforcement to allow time to prepare and set up the required regulatory bodies. The law aims to protect South Africans from abuse of their personal data, and was modeled on an early draft of a privacy law in the European Union, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). But the GDPR was later modified to make exceptions for research—and the POPIA hasn’t been. Email By Linda NordlingFeb. 20, 2019 , 11:10 AM The POPIA’s restrictive effects were only pointed out last year, when the Academy of Science of South Africa in Pretoria published a consensus study on the ethical implications of genomics. South Africa’s current, 2015 research guidelines allow broad consent. But the new law states that personal information—including genetic data—must be collected for a “specific, explicitly defined and lawful” purpose, and that data subjects need to be “aware of the purpose.”At the meeting here, experts said the law could be interpreted to prohibit researchers from reanalyzing biobank data to answer new questions. “If you don’t have broad consent, there’s no point having a biobank,” says Natalie Harriman, research integrity officer at Stellenbosch University, which houses several biobanks. Michael Pepper, a geneticist at the University of Pretoria, says it’s also unclear whether the rules would apply retroactively to data collected before the law came into force. “You’d have to go back and reconsent people, and if you can’t then you’d have to get rid of that sample,” which would be costly.The law doesn’t apply to data from which a person’s identity can’t be recovered, but this excludes genomic data by definition, because a person’s DNA sequence is unique. Social science researchers might also be barred from reusing photographs and personal narratives from ethnographic research, Harriman says. And sharing of sensitive health data such as HIV status might also fall foul of the law, because the data could technically be used to identify participants who have rare attributes.Jantina de Vries, a bioethicist at the University of Cape Town (UCT), says the law addresses real concerns. “We have to [balance] real risks for individuals and the potential collective benefit of research,” she says. She is a member of the ethics working group of the Human Heredity and Health in Africa project, an initiative funded by NIH and the Wellcome Trust in London to study African genomes. The law could affect her project, which plans to allow scientists to reanalyze DNA and samples, subject to rigorous ethics scrutiny. She and others also note that the law could clash with a trend for funders such as NIH and Wellcome, as well as journals including Science, to require that data be published and freely shared. Pepper, Harriman, and many others are pinning their hopes to a provision the POPIA makes for “codes of conduct” to explain how the law will be applied in special areas such as research. The participants of the meeting here are working on such a code. Institutions might also be able to apply for individual exemptions, or the law could be modified to make it more research-friendly. But changing the law might take years, says Melodie Labuschaigne, a law professor at the University of South Africa in Pretoria.Broad consent helps South Africa’s rich genetic heritage benefit humankind as a whole, Pepper says. “Preventing people from doing that work is a bit counterproductive,” he says. But Nicki Tiffin, a bioinformatician at UCT, says giving participants more control over their samples and data may not be a bad thing in a country where many hail from poor and vulnerable communities that may have been exploited in the past. By encouraging their participation, she says, the law may help research in the long run.*Correction, February 22, 11 a.m.: An earlier version of this story incorrectly stated Jantina de Vries’s position with the Human Heredity and Health in Africa project.last_img read more