October 11, 2013We received these wonderful photos from architect Jim Horecka, who has visited Arcosanti many times over the years. Thank you so much, Jim![Photo credit for all of the photos in this report: 2013 James Horecka, AIA, Architect]On the last day of the Paolo Soleri Memorial Cosanti and Arcosanti alumni, and friends supportive of Paolo Soleri’s efforts, gathered at the Paolo Soleri Scottsdale Bridge and Plaza.[photo: Paul from Flam Chen waiting with a large lense for the exact Solar Noon].Text of Jeff Steins speech at the Soleri Bridge on Sunday, September 22. 2013.“Thank you Donna Isaac, Mayor Jim Lane, and welcome.Thank you all for being here on a beautiful Sunday in Scottsdale, Arizona, home for 66 years to the architect, philosopher, writer, lecturer, EXPLORER – and our neighbor – the late Paolo Soleri. We are gathered today at his Soleri Bridge and plaza to celebrate Paolo. We are here at this public place, designed by an individual, funded by a government – the city of Scottsdale – for the enjoyment of its citizens. We are those citizens.This bridge represents decades of thought and the ideals of its architect Paolo Soleri; his wish to connect us in this desert city to the sun and seasons, to earth and it’s ecology, his wish to use architecture to help connect us all to each other. That wish to define new relations and ways to celebrate them continues in this place today.The GREAT WORK of our generation: the transformative and radical effort to change human-Earth relations from disruptive and destructive to naturally enhancing and beneficial was first modeled for us by Paolo Soleri. His legacy of writing, of building, of BRIDGE-building, really, is what we celebrate today.[photos are of the FLAM CHEN performance during the event].A bridge is a way to cross over, a way to make a transition to the other side of something. A bridge marks the end of one thing, the beginning of another. At this bridging moment in the history of our culture, we hope our presence here today will serve as a bridge for us to continue the work Paolo Soleri began to make a transition to a better, a more coherent way to be, on the land, in the world.The writer E.B.White said, “I arise in the morning torn between a desire to save the world and a desire to savor the world. This makes it hard to plan the day.” Paolo Soleri had this same issue. But his life’s work, at Cosanti, at the enduring urban laboratory Arcosanti, including the Soleri Bridge and the new bas relief murals at the Arcosanti Interchange on I-17, all allow us new places and new ways to do both those things at once. Paolo Soleri created ways to connect and enjoy living, human connections, he modeled ways to bring together mind and heart and hand to develop a new consciousness of how the earth works, a new framework for the practice of architecture and urban design.Paolo Soleri’s work of cultivating awareness and attention entails a commitment to tend to and take responsibility for our communities. A clearer awareness of who we are in relation to the larger whole of earth’s ecology, rooted in respect and reverence for the whole, requires of us both a response and a responsibility. Paolo Soleri, who we honor here today, who lived and created in our midst for nearly 94 years, made a real effort to leave the world a little better than he found it. And we gathered here today intend to continue to create a reasonable alternative equal to the needs of our age. This is our time, our responsibility, and I congratulate you here today for recognizing this with your presence. I urge you to go forth from this place today with a renewed spirit, a new sense of what is possible based on the life and work of Paolo Soleri. Thank you in advance for doing it.”
Spanish pay TV operator Canal+ has asked for an independent arbirator to regulate its dispute with Mediapro over the price of football rights supplied under the pair’s contract for the 2012-13 season. Canal+ and Mediapro have been unable to reach agreement on the price of games provided by Mediapro to the pay TV operator, according to a report in newspaper El Pais. Canal+ is also seeking clarifcation over the price to paid for rights to show matches for the next two season.Canal+ and Mediapro reached an agreement last year over the exploitation of rights to the three seasons from 2012-15. Canal+ has said it will continue to pay fees to clubs that have signed with it direct.
Source:http://www.bmc.org/ Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Oct 31 2018Becoming more sensitive to pain, or pain sensitization, is an important risk factor for developing persistent knee pain in osteoarthritis (OA), according to a new study by researchers from the Université de Montréal (UdeM) School of Rehabilitation and Hôpital Maisonneuve Rosemont Research Centre (CRHMR) in collaboration with researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM). These findings have just been published in the journal Arthritis and Rheumatology.OA is a common cause of pain and altered joint function, affecting 302 million adults worldwide. It can lead to chronic disability frequently in the knee joint. Past research suggests that a number of different factors outside of structural pathology may contribute to pain experienced in patients with OA.Related StoriesAre Chronic Pain Relief Drugs for Children Effective?Arthroscopy more accurate than MRI for chondral defects of the knee, study findsYoung players may need one-year rehab time after knee surgery”Understanding the factors that contribute to the development of persistent pain is critical in improving our ability to prevent its onset and the transition to more persistent pain’, said Lisa Carlesso BSc.PT. PhD, assistant professor School of Rehabilitation UdeM and scientist CRHMR.Researchers analyzed data from a multicenter OA study that followed 852 adults (ages 50-79) with or at risk of knee OA but who were free of persistent knee pain at the beginning of the study. Sociodemographic data, pain sensitization measurements, as well as risk factors traditionally associated with knee pain such as psychological factors, widespread pain and poor sleep were collected on the participants who then were followed for development of persistent knee pain over two years.The researchers used the above risk factors and pain sensitization data to identify four distinct subgroups called pain susceptibility phenotypes (PSPs). The authors found these PSPs were primarily characterized by varying degrees of pain sensitization. The PSP with the highest degree of sensitization had the highest risk of developing persistent knee pain. Female gender, non-Caucasian race and age 65+ were significant sociodemographic predictors of being a member of the PSP with the highest degree of sensitization.The researchers believe identifying these PSPs is an important step in understanding the complex pathology of knee osteoarthritis. “Our findings suggest that therapy aimed at prevention or improvement of pain sensitization may be a novel approach to preventing persistent knee pain,” explained author Tuhina Neogi, MD, PhD, professor of medicine and epidemiology at BUSM and BU School of Public Health. “Preventing pain is crucial to improving quality of life and function in patients who suffer from OA.”
Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Nov 26 2018Children treated for obesity in primary or outpatient care have a relatively good chance of fending off weight problems over the next few years as well, a study published in Acta Paediatrica shows.”There’s an attitude that obesity is so terribly difficult to get rid of that you have to send the child to a specialist clinic, sometimes many tens of kilometers away. But the skills are often available closer at hand, and then there’s a greater chance of the treatment taking place,” says Staffan Mårild, Associate Professor of Pediatrics at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, and a pediatrician at Sahlgrenska University Hospital.The study comprises 64 children aged 8-13 who received treatment for obesity in primary or outpatient care clinics in their home area following a referral by the school health services. The participating health centers were in Alingsås, Gothenburg, Skövde, and Vänersborg.The program undergone by the children and their legal guardians included one year’s regular advice on diet, physical activity, and sleep. What is now reported is how much the children weighed after going a further three years without treatment.Three in ten changed weight categoryThe follow-up included 56 of the 64 children, which is considered a high proportion. The results show that approximately 3 in 10 children were in a lower weight category than before. Thus, they had gone from severe obesity to obesity, from obesity to overweight, or from obesity or overweight to normal weight.The study lacks a real control group. No such group could be created since, at the time, the children with obesity had been left without treatment for four years. On the other hand, the results were compared with a group of 34 children who were of normal weight when the study began. After four years, five of these children had overweight.Related StoriesNew network for children and youth with special health care needs seeks to improve systems of careGuidelines to help children develop healthy habits early in lifeNew curriculum to improve soft skills in schools boosts children’s health and behavior”It’s not as if the study’s weight results are all that impressive. However, they’re at about the same levels as those achieved by the major research clinics. A big advantage here is that the effects persist after four years,” Mårild says.Simplicity and proximityThe year-long program comprised of traditional lifestyle treatment. On 12 occasions, the children and legal guardians met a nurse, a dietician, and in some cases a physiotherapist. Between meetings, health workers called to ask how things were going.The dietary advice given was detailed, and meal routines were also covered. In parallel, physical activity was encouraged: Walking or cycling to school, physical activity with the family, and organized sports with children of the same age. Good sleep was also an important factor.Mårild emphasizes the advantages of primary care when children with obesity are treated. Its simplicity and proximity to their home mean that more of them are reachable, while also reducing the risk of treatment interruptions.”I think pediatric clinics and general medical centers should venture to take on these cases to a greater extent. Then, if it doesn’t work, the children can be sent elsewhere in a second phase.” Source:https://sahlgrenska.gu.se/english/research/news-events/news-article//good-help-in-primary-care-for-children-with-obesity-.cid1595115
We’re designing a clinical trial with drugs that have been approved for human use and are known to induce this immune mechanism.The goal is to improve the survival rate for infants with sepsis.”Fernando de Queiroz Cunha, CRID’s principal investigator Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jul 4 2019An immune mechanism that makes babies more likely than adults to die from sepsis has been identified by scientists affiliated with the Center for Research on Inflammatory Diseases (CRID) in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo State (Brazil). The study is published in Critical Care.The scientists are planning to test new therapeutic approaches based on the discovery. CRID is one of the Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers (RIDCs funded by São Paulo Research Foundation – FAPESP.Sepsis (sometimes referred to as blood poisoning) is systemic inflammation usually triggered by a localized bacterial infection that spins out of control. The body’s immune response to combat the pathogen ends up damaging multiple organs and tissues.Symptoms include fever or low temperature, difficulty breathing, low blood pressure, a fast heart rate, and an abnormally high or low white blood cell count. The condition may remain active even after the initial threat has been eliminated. Its most severe form can lead to lesions that impair the function of vital organs, septic shock and death.”In any experimental animal model of sepsis, all the parameters used to measure the severity of the condition are higher in infants. There’s more systemic inflammatory response, more organ impairment, and higher mortality,” said Cunha, who is a Full Professor in the Department of Pharmacology at the University of São Paulo’s Ribeirão Preto Medical School (FMRP-USP).In humans, it is more difficult to compare infant and adult mortality rates, he explained, because, before contracting sepsis, the adult patient may have been weakened by diseases such as diabetes, cancer, heart failure or hypertension (high blood pressure). “Most adults who die as a result of septic shock already had serious health problems,” Cunha told.Given their knowledge that organ injury is more severe in young individuals, both human and murine, the group decided to determine exactly what substances are produced by the immune system during sepsis. Their hypothesis was that defense cells in infants must produce more oxidizing substances, such as oxygen and nitrogen free radicals. What they found, however, was the opposite.”We took a long time to understand why infants have more tissue injury if they produce smaller amounts of free radicals. Finally, we decided to investigate NETs [neutrophil extracellular traps],” Cunha said.Neutrophils are white blood cells that form the front line of the immune system, phagocytosing (killing) bacteria, fungi and viruses. NETs are structures composed of DNA and granular proteins that rapidly trap and kill pathogens.”This immune mechanism was first described about ten years ago. In some situations, for poorly understood reasons, the immune system activates an enzyme called PAD-4, which increases the permeability of the neutrophil nucleus. When this happens, the genetic material in the nucleus decondenses and forms networks, which are released by the cell into the extracellular medium to trap and kill bacteria,” Cunha said.Related StoriesResearchers discover biochemical agent responsible for blood pressure drop in sepsisSepsis Alliance launches Maternal Sepsis Day to raise awareness and save livesDoctors urge hospitals to reconsider the type of fluids used to treat children with sepsisNETs are typically activated by bacterial infections, he added, as well as some viruses, including chikungunya, the arbovirus that causes the most tissue injury. The mechanism also occurs in some autoimmune disorders. “The main problem is that NETs aren’t just toxic for pathogens: they also damage human cells. In fact, they do more damage than oxygen and nitrogen free radicals.”Tests involving pediatric patients were conducted in collaboration with a research group led by Professor Ana Paula Carlotti, attached to the ICU at FMRP-USP’s teaching and general hospital (Hospital das Clínicas). Laboratory analysis showed that neutrophils from infants produced 40% more NETs than those taken from adults, in the case of humans. The difference was 60% in mice. The group then set out to use experimental models to understand how this immune mechanism works in sepsis.Traps deactivatedThe experiments with mice involved a group of two-week-old infants and a group of healthy young adults. Both received an intraperitoneal injection of intestinal bacteria and developed sepsis.”A dose of bacteria sufficient to kill 100% of infants killed only 50% of the adults. That’s a significant difference. Moreover, in the days following the injection, the infant mice displayed higher levels of bacteremia [bacteria in the bloodstream] and of biochemical markers indicating organ injury,” Cunha said.When NETs were broken down with recombinant human DNase (a drug used to treat cystic fibrosis), the survival rate jumped from 0 to 50% in the infant group. In the adult group, the proportion of mice that survived sepsis rose from 50% to 60%.”The difference between the groups when treated with DNase was small, clearly showing that greater infant susceptibility is associated with higher levels of NETs,” Cunha said.In another experiment, the group replaced DNase with a compound designed to inhibit PAD-4, the enzyme that triggers the activation of NETs. In this case, the survival rate for the infant group was 40%.”It was somewhat less effective than DNase because it’s not actually a specific PAD-4 inhibitor. One of our goals for future research is the development of a specific drug to inhibit PAD-4,” Cunha said.The group analyzed the expression of the PAD-4 gene, which encodes the PAD-4 enzyme, in neutrophils from patients and from mice. In both cases, PAD-4 expression was higher in infants with sepsis than in adults with the same condition. The reasons are unknown and are currently being sought by David Fernando Colón Morelo, the first author of the article. Cunha is Morelo’s PhD supervisor.Morelo has a doctoral scholarship from FAPESP and is now doing a research internship at Bonn University in Germany.”We’re also studying the role of NETs in other diseases involving organ injury, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus,” Cunha said. Source:Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São PauloJournal reference:Cunha, F.R. et al. (2019) Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) exacerbate severity of infant sepsis. Critical Care. doi.org/10.1186/s13054-019-2407-8.
Provided by University of Kansas Most drivers could go electric within 10 years Citation: Study identifies distinct groups interested in types of electric vehicles (2018, August 29) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-08-distinct-groups-electric-vehicles.html Drivers considering plug-in hybrid vehicles with a gasoline backup are most interested in economic benefits while those gravitating toward battery-electric vehicles have stronger environmental concerns, according to a study led by a University of Kansas transportation policy scholar. The research has identified distinct profiles of people considering newer electric vehicle technologies showing the two types of vehicles—one that offers gasoline as a safety net and another that relies solely on battery charging—are very different in the eyes of consumers.”Our findings inform the misconception and show that electric vehicles are not a homogeneous entity,” said the study’s lead author Bradley Lane, associate professor in the KU School of Public Affairs & Administration. “There are distinctive profiles of potential users for whom a plug-in hybrid is attractive and another for whom a battery electric is attractive. And these are two very distinct groups, similar to how there is a group of users who are attracted to a sport-utility vehicle and a separate group attracted to an economy car. We have shed more light on what factors influence how people make these decisions.”The journal Transportation Research Part D recently published the group’s findings. Lane’s co-authors are Jerome Dumortier of the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis; Sanya Carley and John Graham, both of the School of Public and Environmental Affairs at Indiana University; Saba Siddiki of the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University and Kyle Clark-Sutton of RTI International of Research Triangle Park in North Carolina.The findings could be important as automakers seek to market more electric vehicles and for national, state and local policymakers as they consider changes and any potential incentives for the production and use of the different types of electric vehicles. Much of the recent incentives date back to the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act that Congress passed in the Obama administration’s early days.”After about 10 years into significant policy and investment, there are still a lot of unknowns about these vehicles from the viewpoints of the consumers,” he said.But the advancement of electric vehicle technologies still represents one of the most notable developments of surface transportation in recent decades. With much of the petroleum-based resources being finite and located in politically unstable regions, there likely will continue to be a push for alternative fuels for internal combustion engines, Lane said. Plug-in hybrid vehicles charging in San Francisco in 2009. Credit: Felix Kramer via Creative Commons on Flickr This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Bradley W. Lane et al. All plug-in electric vehicles are not the same: Predictors of preference for a plug-in hybrid versus a battery-electric vehicle, Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment (2018). DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2018.07.019 Explore further The global stock of plug-in electric vehicles has grown from virtually zero in 2010 to more than 2 million in 2016, and in 2017, about 200,000 new plug-in electric vehicles were sold in the United States, which was a 26 percent increase over 2016 and a 72 percent increase over 2015. The growth is rapid, but they still account for a small share of total new vehicle sales, Lane said.”This research helps tell us how the technology has to advance in order for more of these vehicles to contribute to short-range policy goals and making them more financially viable for companies understanding how to market and sell them,” Lane said. “The long-term goal is for getting away from petroleum as a dominant source of fuel and have a positive impact on the environment.”To gain insight into the opinions of those interested in buying plug-in electric vehicles across the country, the researchers gathered data through a 15-minute online survey administered in late 2013 among a random sample of roughly 100 adult drivers from each of the nation’s 32 largest metropolitan areas. They focused on 1,080 respondents who expressed the intention to purchase or lease a new vehicle in the two years following the survey.In addition to the distinct profiles of people who prefer either plug-in hybrid vehicles and battery electric vehicles, the findings also pointed to drivers’ considering what is known as “range anxiety” as a factor in their choice of vehicle, Lane said.Drivers who preferred the plug-in hybrid vehicles with a gasoline backup prefer the familiarity and convenience of being able to quickly refuel at a gasoline pump station at will rather than being dependent on finding an electric charging station.”The data indicate that this group of people tends to view plug-in hybrid vehicles from a much more economically rational viewpoint,” Lane said. “They register as having high household gasoline expenditures, or take longer trips, and they are reliant on their vehicles. So their interest in plug-in hybrids comes from their potential to reduce household travel expenditures with their next vehicle.”Also, this group of drivers is more concerned about potential unpredictable trips and use of the vehicle, and they seem to be more comfortable with having a vehicle with a gasoline engine as a backup, Lane said. This contrasts strongly with those who express interest in a battery electric vehicle, who are more interested in the environmental impact and image of owning such a vehicle.This could provide implications for policymakers in cities who consider placement and availability of public electric charging stations. However, the researchers also found evidence that these perceptions might be deeply ingrained among these two distinct groups of drivers, he said.”Prior experience with an alternative fueled vehicle—usually a conventional hybrid that you don’t plug in – was one of the strongest predictors,” Lane said. “The more familiarity and experience you have with any kind of alternative fueled vehicle, the more favorable you view any kind of electric vehicle.”
Figure 1: Visualization of network-detected regions in a glaucomatous (top row) and healthy (bottom row) eye. Credit: IBM This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. As part of a team of scientists from IBM and New York University, my colleagues and I are looking at new ways AI could be used to help ophthalmologists and optometrists further utilize eye images, and potentially help to speed the process for detecting glaucoma in images. In a recent paper, we detail a new deep learning framework that detects glaucoma directly from raw optical coherence tomographic (OCT) imaging, a method which uses light waves to take cross-section pictures of the retina. This method achieved an accuracy rate of 94 percent, without any additional segmentation or scrubbing of the data, which is usually time-consuming.Currently, glaucoma is diagnosed using a variety of tests, such as intraocular pressure measurements and visual field tests, as well as fundus and OCT imaging. OCT provides an efficient way to visualize and quantify structures in the eye, namely the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), which changes with progression of the disease.Although this approach works well, it requires an additional process to quantify the RNFL in OCT images. These techniques also typically clean up the input data in a variety of ways, such as flipping all eyes into the same orientation (left or right) in order to reduce variability in the data to improve the performance of the classifiers. Our approach removes these additional steps, indicating that these potentially time-consuming stages are not required for the detection of glaucoma.Ultimately, when normalised by a false positive rate, in a cohort of 624 subjects (217 healthy and 432 glaucoma patients), our new approach, founded in deep learning, correctly detects glaucomatous eyes in 94 percent of cases, while previously mentioned techniques only found this in 86 percent of cases. We believe this improved accuracy is a result of eliminating errors in the automated segmentation of structures in images as well as the inclusion of regions of the image that are not currently utilised clinically for this purpose.Additionally, contrary to the current trend in AI research that uses larger and deeper networks, the network we used was a small 5-layer network because medical data is not as easily accessible due its confidential nature. This data scarcity makes the use of large networks impractical in many medical applications. Even in research, we are sometimes seeing that “less is more,” and the training of these algorithms on smaller networks allows them to run with greater efficiency.This is just one facet of our research in applying AI for the eye. In a recently announced new collaboration, IBM Research and George & Matilda (G&M) will leverage G&M’s robust data set of anonymous clinical data and imaging studies to explore methods to use deep learning models and imaging analytics to support clinicians in the identification and detection of eye disease—including glaucoma—in images. Researchers will also look to investigate the potential biomarkers of glaucoma, which could help in better understanding disease progression. Explore further Abird’s eye view for improved diagnosis Citation: Deep learning for glaucoma detection (2018, October 31) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-10-deep-glaucoma.html Provided by IBM More information: Stefan Maetschke et al. A feature agnostic approach for glaucoma detection in OCT volumes. arXiv:1807.04855 [cs.CV]. arxiv.org/abs/1807.04855v1 This story is republished courtesy of IBM Research. Read the original story here. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the world, impacting approximately 2.7 million people in the U.S alone. It is a complex set of diseases and, if left untreated, can lead to blindness. It’s a particularly large issue in Australia, where only 50 percent of all people who have it are actually diagnosed and receive the treatment they need.
Renault owns 43 percent of Nissan while in turn the Japanese firm has a 15-percent stake in Renault.Nissan has become the alliance’s key player however, posting sales of 12 trillion yen ($106 billion) last year compared with Renault’s 59 billion euros ($67 billion).According to the Financial Times, Ghosn was working on a merger of the two carmakers that Nissan opposed because it feared the Japanese company could be relegated to a secondary role.Jeff Kingston, director of Asian Studies at Temple University Japan, told AFP that Ghosn was “a victim of his own hubris and success.””He trampled on Japanese cultural norms with his flamboyant glory-hogging ways, and his massive compensation incited jealousies and invited retaliation,” he told AFP.’Greedy’Local media reported that Nissan’s representative director Greg Kelly, who was arrested along with Ghosn, ordered other executives to “hide salaries.”Some compensation due to other executives reportedly ended up going to Ghosn, although it is not clear how the scheme worked. Carlos Ghosn was probably the best-known foreign CEO in Japan Nissan chief Ghosn arrested over financial misconduct: reports Explore further Ghosn in happier days This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Public broadcaster NHK reported that Nissan had paid “huge sums” to provide Ghosn with luxury homes in Rio de Janeiro, Beirut, Paris and Amsterdam “without any legitimate business reason.”Even when his reputation was sky-high, he attracted criticism for a flashy lifestyle at odds with traditional Japanese corporate culture and his salary—an estimated 13 million euros in total last year.Media reports also spoke of a lavish Marie Antoinette-themed party in 2016 for Ghosn’s second wedding, at the grandiose palace of Versailles.The Yomiuri Shimbun on Tuesday quoted Nissan executives slamming Ghosn as “greedy”.”He says the right things, but in the end it’s all about money,” the daily quoted an unnamed senior employee as saying.His arrest has also raised alarms among Renault’s French workers about what lies ahead.”What worries us is the alliance with Nissan,” said Ghislaine, a production line worker at the Flins plant outside Paris—where Nissan’s popular Micra hatchback accounts for half its output. “I hope our future isn’t at risk.” Comparison of key statistics for Renault and Nissan (2017 figures) Citation: Nissan crisis deepens as ‘charges loom’ over Ghosn case (2018, November 21) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-11-nissan-crisis-deepens-loom-ghosn.html Paris and Tokyo have been scrambling to contain the fall-out from the arrest, with the finance ministers of both countries declaring strong support for “one of the greatest symbols of Franco-Japanese industrial cooperation.”The scandal—the latest in a string to affect Japan Inc.—wiped millions off the stock value of all three companies but Nissan bounced back marginally in opening Tokyo trade, climbing more than half a percentage point in a falling market. ‘Flamboyant glory-hogging ways’Ghosn was once the darling of corporate and even popular Japan—even having a manga comic inspired by him—and has been the glue holding the auto tie-up together since 1999.”Ghosn is likely the most successful foreign chairman in Japan,” said Kosuke Sato, a senior economist at the Japan Research Institute.”What he did was unprecedented in Japanese corporate history.”He had a reputation as a workaholic and won the nickname “Le Cost Cutter” in France for his slash-and-burn approach to corporate restructuring.Under his stewardship, Nissan and Renault became deeply entwined. The crisis at Nissan appeared to be deepening day by day © 2018 AFP Monday’s arrest of the millionaire auto tycoon, who is credited with turning around the Nissan-Renault-Mitsubishi Motors alliance, sent shockwaves through the global car sector and corporate Japan.The Asahi Shimbun daily said Wednesday that Tokyo prosecutors believe Nissan also has a case to answer in the under-reporting of Ghosn’s package by about five billion yen ($44.5 million) over four years. Both Nissan and authorities declined to comment on the report.Nissan’s board will decide on Thursday whether to remove the 64-year-old tycoon as chairman, a staggering reversal of fortune for the Brazil-born businessman credited with creating the three-way alliance which together sells more cars worldwide than any other automaker.Ghosn’s fate appears all but sealed after his hand-picked replacement as CEO, Hiroto Saikawa, launched an astonishing broadside at his mentor, saying “too much authority” had been placed in his hands and lamenting the “dark side of the Ghosn era.”He pointedly refused to offer the deep “apology bow” that usually accompanies corporate scandals in Japan and played down the role Ghosn had personally played in reviving the firm’s fortunes.However, in France, Renault said it was sticking with the fallen manager as chief executive although it named chief operating officer Thierry Bollore as deputy CEO, handing him the “same powers” as the “temporarily incapacitated” Ghosn.After an emergency board meeting, Renault urged its sister company Nissan to share “evidence seemingly gathered” against Ghosn from a months-long internal investigation, saying it was unable to comment on the charges without this information. The crisis at Nissan deepened Wednesday as it emerged the Japanese car giant could itself face charges over the alleged financial misconduct that led to the stunning arrest of its chairman Carlos Ghosn.
Surveillance capitalism enters the equationFramed this way, it becomes clear why telling parents to stop blogging or posting about their children online is a challenging proposition. Media accounting is central to people’s social lives, and it’s been happening for a long time.But the fact that parents are doing it on blogs and social media does raise unique issues. Family album photos don’t transmit digital data and become visible only when you decide to show them to someone, whereas those Instagram pictures sit on servers owned by Facebook and are visible to anyone who scrolls through your profile.Children’s opinions matter, and if a child vehemently opposes sharenting, parents could always consider using paper diaries or physical photo albums. Parents can take other steps to manage their children’s privacy, such as using a pseudonym for their child and giving their child veto power over content.However, debates about privacy and sharenting often focus on a parent’s followers or friends seeing the content. They tend to ignore what corporations do with that data. Social media didn’t cause parents to engage in media accounting, but it has profoundly altered the terms by which they do so. Unlike the diary entries, photo albums and home videos of yore, blog posts, Instagram photos and YouTube videos reside in platforms owned by corporations and can be made visible to far more people than most parents realize or expect.The problem is less about parents and more about social media platforms. These platforms increasingly operate according to an economic logic that business scholar Shoshana Zuboff calls “surveillance capitalism.” They produce goods and services designed to extract enormous amounts of data from individuals, mine that data for patterns, and use it to influence people’s behavior.It doesn’t have to be this way. In her book on media accounting, Humphreys mentions that in its early days, Kodak exclusively developed its customers’ film. “While Kodak processed millions of customer photos,” Humphreys writes, “they did not share that information with advertisers in exchange for access to their customers. … In other words, Kodak did not commodify its users.” Social media platforms do just that. Sharenting tells them what your child looks like, when she was born, what she likes to do, when she hits her developmental milestones and more. These platforms pursue a business model predicated on knowing users – perhaps more deeply than they know themselves – and using that knowledge to their own ends. Against this backdrop, the concern is less that parents talk about their kids online and more that the places where parents spend time online are owned by companies who want access to every corner of our lives.In my view, that’s the privacy problem that needs fixing. One commentor criticized parents like the essay’s author for having “turned their family’s daily dramas into content.” Another said the woman’s essay surfaces a “nagging – and loaded – question among parents in the age of Instagram. … Are our present social media posts going to mortify our kids in the future?”These questions are valid, and I’ve published research about the need for parents to steward their children’s privacy online. I agree with critics who accuse the woman of being tone-deaf to her child’s concerns. However, I believe the broader criticism of parents and their social media behavior is misplaced.I’ve been studying this topic – sometimes called “sharenting” – for six years. Too often, public discourse pits parents against children. Parents, critics say, are being narcissistic by blogging about their kids and posting their photos on Facebook and Instagram; they’re willing to invade their child’s privacy in exchange for attention and likes from their friends. So the story goes. But this parent-versus-child framing obscures a bigger problem: the economic logic of social media platforms that exploit users for profit.A natural impulseDespite the heated responses sharenting can evoke, it’s nothing new. For centuries, people have recorded daily minutiae in diaries and scrapbooks. Products like baby books explicitly invite parents to log information about their children. Communication scholar Lee Humphreys sees the impulse parents feel to document and share information about their kids as a form of “media accounting.” Throughout their lives, people occupy many roles – child, spouse, parent, friend, colleague. Humphreys argues that one way to perform these roles is by documenting them. Looking back on these traces can help people shape a sense of self, construct a coherent life story and feel connected to others. To share photographs of your kids is to be human. Credit: pxhere If you’ve ever thumbed through an old yearbook, a grandparent’s travel photos or a historical figure’s diary, you’ve looked at media accounts. Same if you’ve scrolled through a blog’s archives or your Facebook Timeline. Social media may be fairly new, but the act of recording everyday life is age-old.Writing about family life online can help parents express themselves creatively and connect with other parents. Media accounting can also help people make sense of their identities as a parent. Being a parent – and seeing yourself as a parent – involves talking and writing about your children. Citation: The real problem with posting about your kids online (2019, February 4) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-02-real-problem-kids-online.html Explore further Provided by The Conversation Research finds kids have strong opinions about what parents post about them online This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. In a recent essay published in The Washington Post, a mother explained her decision to continue writing essays and blog posts about her daughter even after the girl had protested. The woman said that while she felt bad, she was “not done exploring my motherhood in my writing.” This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article. ‘Say cheese so I can show all my friends how cute you are – and unwittingly show corporations your age, race and gender!’ Credit: Fancy Studio/Shutterstock.com
Next Army gears up for worsening floods in Assam A reserve of 95 flood relief columns along with additional 31 columns have been kept on stand by, in view of the worsening flood situation in the Eastern region.advertisement Manjeet Singh Negi New DelhiJuly 16, 2019UPDATED: July 16, 2019 17:20 IST Army has alerted flood relief columns to be prepared for deployment on short noticeA reserve of 95 flood relief columns along with additional 31 columns have been kept on stand by, in view of the worsening flood situation in the Eastern region.Lieutenant General MM Naravane, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Command, took stock of the situation and assured a quick response by the Army on being requisitioned for deployment on flood relief tasks.The Army is closely monitoring the flood situation in close coordination with civil administration in flood-prone areas. There are 152 monitoring stations which will ensure timely warning of an impending crisis due to floods.Army has alerted flood relief columns to be prepared for deployment on short notice. Mock drills conducted by the nominated army units in the run-up to the monsoon will ensure seamless integration of all elements and their synergized application in support of the populace.Floodwaters in Assam rose overnight with the Brahmaputra River, which flows down from the Himalayas into Bangladesh, and its tributaries still in spate. Most of the Kaziranga National Park, home to the rare one-horned rhino, was underwater, authorities in Assam said, adding that four people drowned on Monday.The flood situation has turned very critical with 31 of the 32 districts affected, Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal told reporters. We are working on a war footing to deal with the flood situation.Assam, known for its tea industry, is hit by seasonal flooding each year, and the state and federal governments have spent millions of rupees on flood control.Army and paramilitary personnel have been deployed across the state for rescue and relief operations and makeshift shelter camps have been set up, while the airforce is on standby.ALSO READ: Nearly 70 lakh affected in floods in Bihar, northeast India; toll mounts to 44ALSO WATCH: Assam flood death toll reaches 11, Barpeta worst affected districtFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byShreya Sinha
SHARE COMMENT SHARE SHARE EMAIL music industry The Madras Music Academy has debarred seven musicians, including Chitraveena N. Ravikiran, a recipient of the Sangita Kalanidhi award of the institution, from the list of performers this December season, in the wake of alleged sexual harassment complaints against them.The other musicians are vocalist O.S. Thyagarajan, violinist Nagai Sriram and mridhangam players Mannargudi A. Eswaran, Srimushnam V. Rajarao, R. Ramesh and Thiruvarur Vaidhyanathan.“We cannot keep quiet and be oblivious to what is happening around us. The women, who have gone through alleged sexual harassment and trauma over the years, thanks to the #MeToo movement, have gained voice to articulate their traumatic experience,” said N. Murali, president of the Academy.He said as part of this movement, many Carnatic musicians had been called out on social media and the #MeToo exposés were widely circulated.Nuanced approachPointing out that the Music Academy had not gone about it wildly, but had taken a nuanced approach, Mr. Murali said just naming a person was not sufficient ground for the Music Academy to take action.The Music Academy had applied some objective criteria to make sense of all of this, especially in the face of denials.“The expose contains a detailed description of an incident of alleged sexual harassment, often physical in nature. Normally, there is more than one alleged incident that comes out. The alleged incident is of a serious nature. After the allegations surfaced, we spoke to some unbiased persons in the field by way of validation,” he explained.Mr. Murali said the Academy had also taken this stand as a measure of solidarity and sympathy with all the victims and the #MeToo movement. He, however, added that “these are allegations and we are not judging them guilty.”“We have the right to feature any musician or not in our festival and we have exercised our right. This action is also to uphold the reputation and credibility of the Music Academy, which is the pre-eminent 90-year-old institution,” he said.“We hope this will act as deterrent for all such future acts. I also hope that other music organisations will take an appropriate decision from the lead given by us,” he added.The story first appeared in The Hindu. Published on COMMENTS October 25, 2018