Cesc Fabregas starts for Chelsea against West Brom after recovering from a hamstring problem, while Willian is also in the side. Ramires is among the Blues substitutes, as is the fit-again Andre Schurrle.For Albion, Craig Gardner returns from suspension but Jonas Olsson and Sebastien Pocognoli are out injured.Chelsea: Courtois; Ivanovic, Cahill, Terry, Azpilicueta; Matic, Fabregas; Willian, Oscar, Hazard; Costa.Subs: Cech, Zouma, Filipe Luis, Ramires, Schurrle, Drogba, Remy. West Brom: Foster, Wisdom, Dawson, Lescott, Yacob, Baird, Gardner, Brunt, Dorrans, Sessegnon, Berahino.Subs: Myhill, Gamboa, McAuley, Morrison, Anichebe, Samaras, Ideye.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
25 July 2011Turkey’s Arçelik Group, a member of the Fortune 500-listed Koç Group, has bought itself a springboard into the African continent, in the form South African appliance manufacturer Defy Appliances, for around US$324-million (R2.25-billion).Arçelik announced in a statement on Thursday that, “in line with our growth strategy in emerging markets”, it had signed a share purchase agreement to acquire 100% of the shares of Durban-based Defy from Swiss-based Franke Holdings.“Through this acquisition Arçelik will strategically position itself on the African continent, which I believe offers high growth potential,” Business Day quoted Koç Holding chairman Mustafa Koç as saying last week.Defy Appliances is the market leader in southern Africa, with net sales of R2.5-billion (about US$345-million) in 2010. The company has three factories in South Africa producing refrigerators, freezers, dryers, ovens and other cooking appliances.Regulatory approvals for the deal, including the approval of the South African and Namibian competition authorities, are expected to be finalized by the end of September.Koç Group is Turkey’s biggest conglomerate, and the only Turkish company in the Fortune Global 500 list.Arçelik’s arrival on the southern tip of Africa follows US retail giant Walmart’s recent R16.5-billion acquisition of a controlling stake in South African retailer Massmart, and reflects a growing trend among major multinationals to look to Africa – and its fast-growing market of consumers – for new growth.According to a June 2010 report by US consultancy McKinsey, Africa is home to around 50-million middle-class households (defined as those with incomes of at least $20 000) – as many as in India.SAinfo reporter
Despite generations of official efforts to keep South Africans apart, “racial” mingling goes back to the very first years when white and black met at the Cape of Good Hope.Unravelling our ancestry – and our names. From left, Krotoa of the Goringhaicona, Shaykh Yusuf of the Macassar, Walter Sisulu and Simon van der Stel.Saddled with the burden of apartheid and colonial-slanted textbooks, South Africans have tended to take their identities from their political leanings. But so-called “mixed marriages” are as old as South Africa itself. And more people are finding family tree research the key to understanding their own heritages.The first written records of births, deaths and marriages, incomplete though they are, came with Dutchman Jan van Riebeeck in 1652, when he set out to establish a way station at the Cape of Good Hope with the aid of Robben Island.Krotoa of the GoringhaiconaPerhaps the most representative of the mix of South African ancestry lines dating from those early days is the marriage of Krotoa of the Goringhaicona, a Khoi interpreter who worked for Van Riebeeck and married a colleague of his, Danish explorer Pieter Meerhof.Burdened with the double obligation of fitting into European society and being loyal to her own people, Krotoa’s life was made even harder when Meerhof was seconded to Robben Island as superintendent.Left as one of only two women on the island when her husband was killed on a slaving expedition, and shunned by both societies, Krotoa succumbed to depression and an early death at only 32. But she left behind at least eight children, one of whom was the progenitor of the Zaaiman family in South Africa.Some of them went on to become key figures from all spectrums – including white premiers Paul Kruger, Jan Smuts and FW de Klerk.Slave routes, slave rootsThen came the slaves: in 1658 the first two boatloads – one from Angola and one from west Africa – arrived, and some of these went on to marry Dutch citizens of the Cape or bear children by them after intermarriage became outlawed.One couple, Anna and Evert, who were purchased by the Dutch from African slave lords in Benin in 1658, produced a daughter who went on to have a son by prosperous Dutchman Bastiaan Colyn. Her son, Johannes, married a descendant of the wealthy Cloete family and purchased De Hoop op Constantia, still one of the finest estates in the Cape.After west Africa was declared out of bounds, the Dutch East India Company began bringing in slaves from the east – either from their base in Djakarta or China, Sri Lanka or India, often with Arabs as middlemen. The first boatloads arrived in 1681, and by 1730 they had extended their operations to include the Mascarenes, Mozambique and Zanzibar, with Portuguese colonists as middlemen.With only 19 European women and 100 white free burghers at the Cape in 1677, most 13th generation South Africans with colonial ancestry have at least one slave ancestor from these parts. Though European female numbers increased 30 years later, slave women were often favoured for their beauty, and many became the ancestral mothers (or stammoeders) of generations of families in South Africa.Angela of BengalBefore the first official slave consignments had been sanctioned, Angela of Bengal (or Maaij Ansela) was bought by Jan van Riebeeck, the founder of the Dutch colony, was resold and freed by her master. She then married Arnoldus Willemsz Bason, and became the stammoeder of the Basson family in South Africa.Through marriages of her children, Maaij (or Mooi, beautiful) Ansela is also the stammoeder of the Bergh and Van As families. One of her descendants was Voortrekker leader Andries Pretorius, who married Anna Retief, niece of slain trekboer Piet.In 1692, four of the 34 Cape Town free burghers had ex-slave wives, but according to “Cape Town, Making of a City”, compiled by Nigel Worden et al, this mestizo culture was gradually discouraged by the ruling Dutch, although this did not discourage illicit affairs – and illegitimate children borne out of such unions.One well-researched case is that of Isabella of Angola, who had children by a Dutchman thought to be Cornelis Claassen.One of Isabella’s children is believed to be Armosyn van de Kaap, who became matron of the Slave Lodge and went on to have a daughter by a European. Armosyn’s daughter later married German soldier Hermann Combrink, the stamvader of that prolific family in South Africa.Often the only ticket for freedom for slave women – or their children – was through marriage to a white man. In terms of a 1685 decree, male halfslag Company slaves of European ancestry were permitted to buy their freedom at 25, females at 22, provided they had been confirmed in the Dutch Reformed Church and could speak Dutch. Because of this, many Muslims officially converted religions, providing yet another marriage barrier.Other Easterners taken as slaves were Muslim political leaders who objected to Dutch domination in the East Indies, perhaps the most well-known being Shaykh Yusuf, whose kramat near Faure is today an important pilgrimage destination for South African Muslims.It is still not known whether Yusuf’s remains lie in the tomb or were transported back to Macassar, as the Dutch government reported, but some of his descendants did remain. One of his grandsons married Marie Jordaan, whose origins were in France.The HuguenotsIn 1688, a new influence brought with it another European aspect to the cultural kaleidoscope: the first French Huguenot Protestants escaping Catholic persecution in France were brought out by the Dutch.Settling the area now known as Franschhoek, many of the Huguenots owned slaves to cultivate the winelands, and half-caste children, born mainly out of wedlock, were among the unfortunates who produced children who failed to pass the apartheid government’s pencil test over two centuries later.By the early 1700s Dutch farmers had started moving inland. Though they were not officially allowed to be enslaved, Xhosa and Khoi were employed by the Dutch under conditions often equivalent to slavery, and inter-breeding among all three continued, often in the capacity of mistress or cuckold.1820 settlers, shipwreck survivorsIn 1795, the British occupied the Cape for the first time, and after losing it to the Dutch again in 1803, seized it as their own in 1806. With the British occupation came the impoverished 1820 settlers, who were sent to help wrest land from the Xhosa in the Eastern Cape and the Zulu in KwaZulu-Natal.One of the better-known of these settlers to cross the racial divide was Henry Fynn, who befriended Zulu King Shaka and fathered children by many Zulu wives.Other English names which crop up regularly in the history of the Wild Coast, traditionally the home of the Pondo, are King and Cane, explorers who lived among the local tribes.Shipwreck survivors through the centuries have also produced many a blue-eyed black child in the area. In his book “The Caliban Shore”, Stephen Taylor describes the meeting of survivors from The Grosvenor with an escaped Cape slave who had made his home on the Eastern frontier, an indication of other possible influences in tribal ancestry.Inter-tribal marriage was another influence, as Shaka absorbed smaller tribes in his quest for dominance.With British rule came the banning of slave importation in 1807, but boatloads of “prize negroes”, slaves secured by the government from illegal slave ships, were still introduced into the colony as cheap labour. A number of British settlers married Madagascans and Mauritians imported in this way.St Helena servantsIn 1834, slavery was officially abolished, and mission stations dotted around the Cape absorbed many of those left jobless by the system.Another much-contested scheme to compensate for the loss of slave labour saw a wave of St Helena servants imported, which continued to the end of the 19th century. A large portion of Cape Town’s Cape Flats today is the product of intermarriages, and many can remember their St Helena ancestors being broken by the system which crushed their progress with forced removals in the 1960s.For brief spells between frontier wars, there was relative peace among the many nations of the land, but it was not long before the Boer Dutch farmers grew unhappy with their lot under British rule without slaves, and headed north.By the time of the South African (or Anglo-Boer) War in 1899, after the diamond rush and the discovery of gold, Boers had married Brits, who had followed the original settlers in droves, both had married across the colour line, and slaves had married Khoi and Bantu.Walter Sisulu, Simon van der StelThough marriage across the colour line was outlawed, it was little deterrent to those with soul aspirations. Perhaps the most well-known and most ironic product of such unions was ANC stalwart and pragmatic long-time adviser and friend of Nelson Mandela throughout his exile on Robben Island, Walter Sisulu, born in 1912 in Qutubeni, Transkei.Though he had little to do with him, Sisulu’s white father, Albert Dickinson, a Port Elizabeth government worker, went on to have another child by his mother, Alice. They never officially married, and Walter took on his mother’s surname, adding Max Ulyate as his middle names. Though it has not been explored, the name Ulyate was a surname of a prominent family of 1820 settlers.It only takes a trip or two out of Cape Town to be reminded just how much craziness the system bred. Simonstown, a naval base and popular tourist spot, and Stellenbosch, the home of the Afrikaans language, are just two of the many spots named after Dutch governor Simon van Der Stel, who set about seizing land from the Khoi on his arrival in 1679.Though Van der Stel is widely accepted as being the greedy progenitor of apartheid whose sprawling, slave-worked estates were the elite homes of generations of Afrikaners, a little-known fact is that Van der Stel, born in Mauritius, was Eurasian – and probably just a generation away from slavery.His father Adrian van der Stel was Dutch and his mother, Maria Leviens, was the daughter of Monica of the Coromondel, a former enslaved woman from India who became known as Monica da Costa.Evidence shows that he and his sister covered up their mother’s origin in order to be given white status when they emigrated to Holland. The only proven picture of Van der Stel disappeared in 1934, but another which is thought to be his portrait shows an arguably Eastern demeanour.Brand South Africa reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Guide to Performing Bulk Email Verification Just ask Instagram, which saw Twitter cut off access to its list of friends, and retaliated by requiring an extra click to see images. Or Path, which lets photos flow to Facebook but had the return flow abruptly (and quietly) cut off earlier this year. Or how, last year, Twitter snubbed Linkedin, a longtime partner, restricting access to the tweets that used to show up on users’ online resumes.To begin to understand these conflicts, it helps to start with a map. For that, we’re borrowing a concept from hydrology—that of sources and sinks.Sources And Sinks On The Social WebContent must begin somewhere. These points of creation, like the upload of a YouTube video or the snapping of an Instagram photo, are sources.It must likewise end up somewhere. The nexus of creation is not always the natural place of consumption. For example, on Path, the mobile-focused social network, a substantial number of users opt to share moments on Twitter, CEO Dave Morin recently told me. That may seem odd, considering Path’s limitations on the number of friends you can add, but it allows users to reach more people with updates that aren’t especially private. The Dos and Don’ts of Brand Awareness Videos Related Posts Tags:#Conflicts#Facebook#Foursquare#infographic#Instagram#LinkedIn#Path#Pinterest#social networks#Sources And Sinks#Tumblr#twitter owen thomas (Click on the image for a larger version.)Photo by Saad Faruque; infographic by Madeleine Weiss for ReadWrite Civilization began with a dam. By controlling the flow of water, rulers rose to power in ancient Egypt and China.Just as water was the lifeblood of agriculture, content—photos, videos, links, status updates, and check-ins—is the lifeblood of the social Web. And those who would rule our digital worlds seek to have content pool up and flow at their command.(Yes, in most cases, “content” is a loathsomely generic term. But it’s hard to think of a better catch-all description that embraces all the varied material that flows between the Web’s social services.)Like water, the torrents of data generated by the billions of people online can never be fully controlled. But they can certainly be harnessed. And every node of connectivity between these networks is a potential flashpoint for border skirmishes.Looked at in this light, it makes perfect sense that Tumblr went to Yahoo for $1.1 billion. Thanks to years of neglect of properties like Flickr, Yahoo was a social backwater. Without a pool of social updates to call its own, Yahoo would always be subject to the whims of Twitter, Facebook, and the rest. Now it is part of the flow.Battle LinesJust like water in the physical world—a scarce, well-guarded resource—these flows of content can turn contentious. And a large reason why Instagram became so big so fast—and was courted by Twitter before it was bought by Facebook for a billion dollars—was that it was so easy to share photos not just on Instagram but on those larger social networks. By establishing itself as a source to those sinks, Instagram emerged as a powerful pool of visuals in its own right. Foursquare, which began as a source for location check-ins posted out to Twitter and Facebook, may now be more important as a sink for other apps’ check-ins—in particular, Instagram, where many photos are tagged with a location derived from Foursquare’s vast database.Precisely because these flows have value, they are points of leverage and vulnerability. Yet they also show the social Web’s fragile interdependence.Twitter And Facebook: A Sinking Feeling Facebook is Becoming Less Personal and More Pro… The world’s most important social networks have long battled over their lists of friends. Early on, Facebook invited Twitter to be one of the first apps on its platform. But in 2010, when Twitter added a feature to let people find their Facebook friends on its information network, Facebook abruptly cut it off. Since then, the two services have engaged in a tit-for-tat sparring.After Facebook bought Instagram, Twitter cut off the ability to find friends on Instagram. Facebook did the same when Twitter launched Vine, its short-video app.Yet while they fought over friends’ lists, they never cut off a mutual flow of status updates. You can use Twitter to update Facebook—and, confusingly, you can opt to automatically send your public Facebook statuses out on Twitter, too. That’s because while each service prefers to be the ultimate sink for content, it doesn’t want its rival to become a more powerful source.LinkedIn, lacking the leverage over Twitter that Facebook holds, went from being what Twitter called “the perfect combination” in 2009 to something incompatible with “delivering a consistent Twitter experience.” After some worries that LinkedIn would feel less lively without tweets, the rift actually worked out for its media ambitions. It turns out that many tweets weren’t that professional in nature, and LinkedIn has moved from being a sink for tweets to a purer source of work-related information. Which, of course, it is now trying to have flow to more sinks.There are more twists and turns and intriguing dead ends in these flows of content. Did you know, for example, that you can’t pin updates from Facebook to Pinterest—even if they’re posted publicly on a brand’s Facebook Page? Or that Google+ is a virtual island, rejecting crossposted material as “social spam”?Here’s where the Web’s content flows stand as of 2013. For simplicity, we haven’t shown every possible connection. And events may swiftly make this map outdated. Last year, it certainly looked different. Next year, we’ll see new linkages and blockages. Like a fast-moving river cutting through the landscape and reshaping it as it goes, the only constant we can expect is change. A Comprehensive Guide to a Content Audit
PUTRAJAY—The Malaysian SEA Games contingent has one aim – one, one, one. The target is to win 111 gold medals and be the top gun of the 29th SEA Games, which is being hosted by the country from Aug 19 to 30.The target was announced by Youth and Sports Minister Khairy Jamaluddin after Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak handed the Jalur Gemilang to the SEA Games contingent and also to the Para Asean Games contingent at the Putrajaya International Convention Centre (PICC) Thursday.ADVERTISEMENT Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:36Manny Pacquiao part of 2019 SEA Games opening ceremony “We hope to finish second in the Para Asean Games with 103 golds. Thailand will be favourite to become overall champion,” said Khairy.In the last Asean Para Games in Singapore in 2015, Malaysia finished overall third with a medal haul of 52-58-37 in 336 events in 15 sports. Thailand was the overall champion with a haul of 95-76-79 followed by Indonesia with 81-74-63. Malaysia’s best ever performance in the Asean Para Games was also in 2001. The hosts then won 143 golds to become overall champion.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul DILG, PNP back suspension of classes during SEA Games MOST READ View comments The total number of gold medals up for grabs is 405 in 38 sports.The figure 111 is the same number of golds Malaysia won in the 2001 SEA Games in Kuala Lumpur. That was the first time since the Games’ inception in 1959 that Malaysia become the overall champion.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsIn the 2001 edition, the total number of events was 391 in 32 sports.Khairy said that they came up with the figure of 111 after analyzing the performance of athletes and also the targets set by the individual sports associations. Quinto saves Letran late, outwits Perpetual for 3rd straight win Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ NGCP on security risk: Chinese just technical advisers Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo “It is a realistic target, one which we can achieve. It is also the same number of golds we won when we hosted the Games in 2001 to become overall champions,” said Khairy.Khairy, however, did not reveal in detail which sports were expected to contribute to the gold medal tally.“I am not going to reveal it. That will put unnecessary pressure on the athletes. The other reason is that people will start analyzing and criticizing sports associations which do not meet their targets in the Games,” said Khairy.Although Khairy would not reveal the expectations from the sports associations, most of the gold medals are likely to come from athletics, aquatics, bowling, cycling, gymnastics, karate, lawn bowls, sailing, silat, waterskiing and squash.Khairy added that for the Asean Para Games, which will be held from Sept 17-23, a target of 103 gold medals has been set. There will be 16 sports in the Para Games, but with 479 events.ADVERTISEMENT Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side LATEST STORIES