The attachment to artificial substrata (carborundum paper) of cyanobacteria and algae isolated from Antarctic fellfield soils was investigated using a simulated flow apparatus. Generally, the rugosity of the substratum was less important than the morphology and extent of mucilage production of the microflora in determining attachment success. However, the smoothest grades of substratum did increase the retention of the fine filaments of the cyanobacterium Pseudanabaena and decrease the retention of the large filaments of the chlorophyte Zygnema. Filaments of the motile cyanobacterium Phormidium and cells of the motile diatom Pinnularia showed good retention on all grades of paper, with that of Phormidium being the highest of all taxa at 90–100%. The coccoid chlorophyte Planktosphaerella was poorly retained on all grades of substratum. Growth rates of the same organisms on fellfield soils were little affected by soil rugosity, although the largest soil particles (1–2 mm) did cause a decrease in the growth rate of Phormidium and increase in that of Planktosphaerella. These results indicate the importance of the cyanobacterial-algal flora, and especially the motile component, in the stabilization of fellfield soils.
The lowest paid workers at Christ Church are working for as little as £5.80 an hour, the lowest fixed wage of employees at any college, according to an investigation by the Oxford Living Wage Campaign.The Living Wage Campaign has calculated that the lowest “sustainable” wage people in Oxford can live on is £7.01 per hour, yet at least six Oxford colleges pay some of their employees less than this “living wage” sum.The Campaign submitted Freedom of Information requests to all Oxford’s colleges, but 25 colleges have thus far failed to respond.Three colleges have refused to disclose the information. The Campaign is appealing this decision.From the information gathered so far, Pembroke pays the lowest wage to any employees, with two apprentice chefs currently on £5.29 an hour. The college has explained however, that the wages are at this level for a probationary period of sixth months, and are expected to rise as the chefs gain experience.At Christ Church the lowest-paid workers at the college are on wages of £5.80 an hour, despite the fact that Christ Church is one of Oxford’s richest colleges with an endowment worth over £260 million. Campaigners staged a rally outside the college on Wednesday morning to raise awareness of the low wages. Over the next three weeks campaigners will also visit 18 Oxford colleges to collect signatures for a university-wide petition for the living wage. Christ Church were unavailable for comment on the issue.According to the Campaign, working in accordance with the City Council, OUSU and the Rowntree Trust, at least five other colleges pay below the living wage figure, with the wages per hour of some staff standing at £6.95 in Merton, £6.83 in Queen’s, £6.79 in St Antony’s and £6.60 in Jesus .Stephen Bush, Director of the Oxford Living Wage Campaign, condemned the attitudes of colleges towards low pay.“These figures reflect that no college cannot afford to pay a living wage,” he said. “It is simply a matter of priorities.”
We hope that today’s “Readers Forum” will provoke honest and open dialogue concerning issues that we, as responsible citizens of this community, need to address in a rational and responsible way? WHATS ON YOUR MIND TODAY?Todays“Readers Poll” question is: Do you feel that Government shouldn’t do for people what they should do for themselves?Please take time and read our articles entitled “STATEHOUSE Files, CHANNEL 44 NEWS, LAW ENFORCEMENT, READERS POLL, BIRTHDAYS, HOT JOBS” and “LOCAL SPORTS”. You now are able to subscribe to get the CCO daily.If you would like to advertise on the CCO please contact us [email protected]: City-County Observer Comment Policy. Be kind to people. No personal attacks or harassment will not be tolerated and shall be removed from our site.We understand that sometimes people don’t always agree and discussions may become a little heated. The use of offensive language, insults against commenters will not be tolerated and will be removed from our site.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
The Sports & Civic Center overlooks the Carey Field high school track and stadium complex. By DONALD WITTKOWSKICity Council approved a $6.5 million bond ordinance Thursday night to finance a series of major projects, including beach replenishment, new geotubes to reinforce the sand dunes and the expansion of the aging Sports & Civic Center.The city plans to spend $3 million to give the now-drab Sports & Civic Center a facelift. New locker rooms and bathrooms will be built. An overhang will be added to the entryway to protect people from the rain and also to spruce up the building.Despite its utilitarian appearance, the building plays an important role in the city’s sports scene and as the venue for special events, including festivities for the family-friendly First Night celebration on New Year’s Eve.Hoping to turn it into a bigger, more functional facility, the city will expand and renovate it. Frank Donato, the city’s chief financial officer, explained that the expansion project should lead to more college sports teams using the building and the adjacent Carey Stadium high school athletic complex.The sports complex is already rented by some college athletic programs for their workouts. Villanova University’s football team, for instance, practices at the stadium each year.An architectural rendering despicts the new overhang that will be added to the Sports and Civic Center’s entrance as part of a $3 million facelift. (Courtesy of City of Ocean City)Meanwhile, the bond ordinance also includes $3 million to help the city pay for its share of a beach replenishment project expected to be completed in time for the 2020 summer tourism season.Ocean City, Sea Isle City and Strathmere are part of a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers beach replenishment project that will deposit a total of 2.4 million cubic yards of fresh sand along the eroded shoreline of all three towns.A $32.5 million contract been awarded for the project. However, there are options built into the contract that could push the cost up to $41.3 million if surveys of the storm-damaged beaches show that even more sand is needed for replenishment.According to initial figures, Ocean City will receive 800,000 cubic yards of new sand to replenish the beaches in the north end of town from Seaview Road to 13th Street. Another 455,000 cubic yards of sand will help restore the beaches in the southern end from 49th to 59th streets.Ocean City and other beach towns along the Jersey Shore were hammered by a lingering coastal storm that brought strong winds and a series of destructive high tides from Oct. 9 to the morning of Oct. 12.A geotube at Waverly Beach along East Atlantic Boulevard, shown here after it was exposed by Hurricane Sandy in 2012, was credited with saving Ocean City homes. (Photo courtesy City of Ocean City)Donato said the city plans to piggyback on the Army Corps of Engineers’ beach replenishment project to install geotubes that would help protect the shoreline between Fourth and Fifth streets.The geotubes, essentially an elongated synthetic “sock” filled with sand, would reinforce the dunes in an area that is particularly vulnerable to beach erosion. They would stretch around two blocks long between Fourth and Fifth streets.The city earlier installed a geotube to protect Waverly Beach along East Atlantic Boulevard. It helped to save homes when Ocean City was hammered by Hurricane Sandy in 2012.The hope is that new geotubes at Fourth and Fifth streets would make the dune system an even stronger storm barrier.City Business Administrator George Savastano explained that the new geotubes will be buried about 4 feet deep beneath the dunes.“They would, in effect, become the core of the dune,” Savastano said.Councilman Keith Hartzell expressed relief that the geotubes will be buried because they are “ugly” when exposed.“They’re very effective, but they’re ugly,” he said.City Solicitor Dorothy McCrosson, seated next to Mayor Jay Gillian, tells Council of plans to use the former American Legion hall site for affordable housing.In another vote Thursday, Council approved a bond ordinance that includes $900,000 in funding for the city to buy a county-owned building that could be used as a site for affordable housing. The building, at 3300-3400 Bay Avenue, formerly served as an American Legion hall.City Solicitor Dorothy McCrosson said plans are still being discussed for the property, but it will likely be used as a site for affordable housing and to support the city’s crew programs.It has not yet been decided whether the former American Legion building will be part of those plans or whether it would be demolished to make room for new development, she said.Earlier this year, McCrosson explained that Ocean City has carefully crafted its affordable housing plan in a way that will allow new construction to blend in with the rest of the neighborhoods without “jamming up” the town with high-density projects.In other business, Council introduced a zoning ordinance that will allow homeowners to have cabanas for the first time. McCrosson noted that the city currently does not have any regulations for cabanas.“We have sheds, but we don’t have cabanas,” she said in an interview after the Council meeting.McCrosson envisions cabanas becoming a popular amenity for pools or a place for cookouts and entertainment.In the ordinance, cabanas are defined as a detached, unheated one-story structure that may contain a sink, shower and toilet if building codes allow those amenities. It goes on to say that cabanas may be used as a “dressing room or seasonal cooking area with storage of pool and/or recreational accessories.”The ordinance will be up for a public hearing and final vote by Council at the Dec. 12 meeting. It was introduced by a 7-0 vote.
Bakery equipment integrator Eurobake (stand J230) will unveil a new range of conveying, packaging and palletising equipment from Komatec, along with a range of robotic system solutions for end-of-line automation.Information will also be available on the Mondial Forni MACS oven – a multi-deck travelling convection oven – as well as on the Kemper range of spiral mixers and new President mixer, which offers intensive mixing and high dough volumes. Also on the stand will be the range of Jongerious bagging and slicing equipment, Mondial Freddo retarders provers and Kemper bread and roll plant.
Danny Kluman has become MD of ingredients supplier Kluman & Balter. He takes over from his father Geoff Kluman, who becomes chairman. The changes come as the supplier announces it has set itself a target of 25% growth over the next three years with expansion of sales into new areas, such as foodsevice. Other changes see Simon Douglas in charge of in-house sales and Jamie Kluman take over field sales. Brian Partridge is made retail sales manager.
Bakers’ Fair is sponsored by Norbake Bakery & Catering Equipment and is free to visit. Exhibitor spaces at this year’s Bakers’ Fair in Bolton are filling up fast, with several companies taking stands at the one-day show for the first time. Among the newcomers is Polish bakery equipment supplier Masz, which plans to launch its range of slicers, mixers, moulders and ovens in the UK at the fair on Sunday 3 October. InnoSeal will have a stand showcasing its plastic bag closure systems, while Kraft Foods will highlight its Kenco FreshSeal coffees. Other confirmed exhibitors include Jiffy, which will demonstrate its sandwich vans and mobile catering units. Last year’s event in Manchester saw over 350 visitors attend, 70% of whom were buyers. As well as a varied range of exhibitors, this year’s show will also feature an area called The Forum, sponsored by Dawn Foods, for talks and presentations, and The Richemont Club of Great Britain’s Annual Competition. For more information and to book tickets go to: www.bakersfair.co.uk
Here is a listing of cancellations and postponements due today’s winter storm. To add your event to our listing, email us at [email protected] Business After Hours at Robin’s Flower Pot has been rescheduled until next Thursday Jan. 23.The evening’s performance (Thursday, January 16th) of “And Then There Were None” has been canceled. We will be having an additional matinee performance on Saturday, January 18th at 2:00 PM. We will be honoring any tickets purchased for the January 16th performance for the additional matinee on the 18th. If you are a ticket holder who is unable to attend the matinee on 18th, we will honor your tickets for any other performance beginning ten minutes before showtime if seating is available. If you have questions, please message or email us, or call us at (207) 779-7884The Franklin County Republican Committee meeting that was scheduled for tonight at Mt Blue has been cancelled. It has been rescheduled for Wednesday, Jan. 22, 2020 at 6:30 at Mt. Blue.The Strong Public Library will be closed today.No Maine Mountain Quilters Meeting tonight at St. Joseph’s Parish Hall.The Wilton Planning Board Meeting for Thursday, Jan. 16, 2020 is cancelled and will be rescheduled for Thursday, Jan. 30 at 7 p.m.Wilton Free Public Library will be closed today.The Jim Ditzler Memorial Library will be closed today.The Farmington Public Library will be closed today due to the storm.The Phillips Town Office and the Phillips Transfer Station will be closed today.The offices of Western Maine Community Action will be closed today, Jan. 16.No school today, Jan. 16, in RSU 9 (Chesterville, Farmington, Industry, New Sharon, New Vineyard, Starks, Temple, Vienna, Wilton, Weld).No school today, Jan. 16, in MSAD 58 (Avon, Kingfield, Phillips, Strong).No school today, Jan. 16, in RSU 73 (Jay, Livermore, Livermore Falls).
Explore the 38 Virginia State Parks for countless places to cast your line. Photos courtesy of Virginia State Parks. Take the whole family out for a trip on one of the smaller lakes at state parks like Pocahontas, Douthat, or Hungry Mother. Get started fishing from the bank or rent a boat from the park. You will find everything from bluegill and crappie to catfish and chain pickerel. A special trout fishing area in Douthat is open only to anglers 12 and younger. “I was out fishing with my brother and my friend. We were all out in separate kayaks and I had a strong bite earlier next to this downed tree along the shoreline, so I tied-off there and fished for a while… I knew it was a big one when it bit, but I could hardly believe it when I got him up to the surface. I was so excited… I’d like to go back again.”Wyatt Gregory, 13, who pulled a 23″ Large Mouth Bass citation catch from Bear Creek Lake State ParK Take a trip to Virginia’s coast for some fishing in the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean. Kiptopeke and First Landing state parks offer access to both bodies of water. Take a motorboat out on the open water or fish for striped bass, flounder, and spadefish from the shore. Experience the Potomac River in a variety of ways at one of the five state parks on the river. Access some of the best largemouth bass fishing from the motorboat ramp at Leesylvania State Park or the canoe/kayak launches at Mason Neck and Widewater state parks. If you prefer to cast your line from the shore, Caledon State Park allows fishing on the open sections of the shore. Use the boat ramp at Westmoreland State Park to access the saltwater fisheries for striped bass, flounder, and croaker. Check out the boathouse for bait, tackle, and boat rentals. Head out on the waters of Claytor Lake, Lake Anna, and Smith Mountain Lake for a day of prime bass fishing and breathing in the fresh air. Extend your trip with a stay at one of the many campsites or rental cabins. There’s plenty to do once you get off the water, including miles of hiking trails to explore. Holiday Lake State Park Find a spot on the bank, wade to a hidden nook, or take a float trip down the river at several locations. Head to James River State Park and float eight miles of the river from Bent Creek searching for smallmouth bass, catfish, and pan fish. New River Trail State Park follows the water for 39 miles with several boat ramps along the way. You’ll find plenty of bass, muskellunge, and walleye along the way. Both of these parks offer kayak and canoe rentals for visitors. VirginiaStateParks.gov All state parks require a fishing license, except for the piers at Kiptopeke and York River. Find your Virginia State Park today. Check Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries for current fishing regulations.
The first Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) prototype built in Paraguay was successfully tested in August 2011, with a flight between the cities of Limpio and San Bernardino. The flight was conducted at a speed of 85 kilometers per hour and at a maximum altitude of 330 meters. The UAV’s system allows the operator to remotely control the speed, destination and altitude from a control center. Lead engineer Rodrigo Campos Cervera (pictured, left), and his team are also working on a helicopter prototype with similar technical specifications. UAV Technical specifications: Sources: La Nación, Infodefensa.com YES, in Paraguay there are also patriots that believe in their virtues…unfortunately, their authorities are formed by associations of political mafia and drug power, influencing against the interests of the republic within all three powers….with an oligarchic media in the hands of a few big shots such as mister Zukopillo from H.C.: color. Length: 2.5 meters Motor: 3 horsepower Weight: 10 kilograms Capabilities: Automatic pilot and video camera By Dialogo October 01, 2011